3-5

 

Percentage of Students with Core Course Work During High School by Race/Ethnicity, 1999 and 2009,

 

85

3-6

 

Access to AP by Race/Ethnicity—U.S. Public Schools: High School Class of 2009,

 

86

3-7

 

Percentage of High School Students Taking Pre-Calculus by Race/Ethnicity: 1999 and 2009,

 

87

4-1

 

Fall Undergraduate Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, by Race/Ethnicity, 1976-2004,

 

92

5-1

 

Source of Financial Aid Received by Undergraduates: 2007-2008,

 

107

5-2

 

Full-Time S&E Graduate Students by Field and Mechanism of Support: 2006,

 

115

5-3

 

U.S. Citizen and Permanent Resident Doctorate Recipients with Levels of Graduate School Debt Greater Than $30,000, by Broad Field of Study and Race/Ethnicity, 2008,

 

121

5-4

 

Graduate Coursework, Degrees Pursued, and Degrees Completed, LSAMP Participants Compared to National Underrepresented Minorities and National White and Asian American Graduates,

 

123

BOXES

1-1

 

Grand Challenges for Engineering,

 

18

1-2

 

Science, The Endless Frontier,

 

19

1-3

 

Lost at the Frontier: U.S. Science and Technology Policy Adrift,

 

20

1-4

 

The Context for Innovation and Competitiveness Policy,

 

21

3-1

 

Education Goals 2000,

 

55

3-2

 

Knowledge Is Power (KIPP) Program,

 

67

3-3

 

For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) Program,

 

68

3-4

 

Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) Program,

 

69

3-5

 

Indigenous Education Institute,

 

70

3-6

 

The El Paso Collaborative for Academic Excellence,

 

71

4-1

 

No Longer Separate, Not Yet Equal,

 

96

4-2

 

Aiming High,

 

96

4-3

 

Why African American Students Should Major in Biomedical Research,

 

101



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement