Bhattacharya, J., Garber, A., and MaCurdy, T. (2010). The narrowing dispersion of Medicare expenditures, 1995-2005. In David Wise, (Ed.), Research findings in the economics of aging. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Boards of Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance and Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds. (2009). Annual report. Washington, DC: Author.

Borger, C., Rutherford, T.F., and Won, G.Y. (2008). Projecting long-term medical spending growth. Journal of Health Economics, 27(1), 69-88.

Bundorf, K.M., Escarce, J.J., Stafford, J.A., Gaskin, D, Jollis, J.G., and Schulman, K. (2004). Impact of managed care on the treatment, costs, and outcomes of fee-for-service Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. Health Services Research, 39(1), 131-152.

Chernew, M.E. (1995). HMO use of diagnostic tests: A review of the evidence. Medical Care Research and Review, 52(2), 196-222.

Chernew, M.E., Gowrisankaran, G., and Fendrick, A.M. (2002). Payer type and the returns to bypass surgery: Evidence from hospital entry behavior. Journal of Health Economics, 21(3), 451-474.

Chernew, M.E., DeCicca, P., and Town, R. (2008). Managed care and medical expenditures of Medicare beneficiaries. Journal of Health Economics, 27, 1451-1461.

Congressional Budget Office. (2009). The long-term budget outlook. Washington, DC: Author.

Finkelstein, A. (2004). Static and dynamic effects of health policy: Evidence from the vaccine industry. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 119(2), 527-564.

Finkelstein A. (2007). The aggregate effects of health insurance: Evidence from the introduction of Medicare. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122(1), 1-37.

Finkelstein, E.A., Trogdon, J.G., Brown, D.S., Allaire, B.T., Dellea, P., and Kamal-Bahl, S. (2008). The lifetime medical cost burden of overweight and obesity: Implications for obesity prevention. Obesity, 16(8), 1843-1848.

Finkelstein, E.A., Brown, D.S., Wrage, L.A., Allaire, B.T., and Hoerger, T.J. (2009a). Individual and aggregate years of life lost associated with overweight and obesity. Obesity. Advance online publ. August 13.

Finkelstein, E.A., Trogdon, J.G., Cohen, J.W., and Dietz, W.H. (2009b). Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: Payer- and service-specific estimates. Health Affairs, 28(5), w831-w833.

Freedman, V.A., and Martin, L.G. (1999). The role of education in explaining and forecasting trends in functional limitations among older Americans. Demography, 36, 461-473.

Goldman D.P., Shekelle, P.G., Bhattachrya, J., Hurd, M., Joyce, G.F., Lakdawalla, D.N., Matsui, D.H., Newberry, S.J., Panis, C.W.A., and Shang, B. (2004). Health status and medical treatment of the future elderly: Final report. RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.

Gruber, J. and Wise, D. (eds.) (1999). Social Security and retirement around the world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hartman, M., Martin, A., Nuccio, O., Catlin, A., and the National Health Expenditure Accounts Team. (2010). Health spending growth at a historic low in 2008. Health Affairs, 29(1), 147-155.

Heidenreich, P.A., McClellan, M., Frances, C., and Baker, L.C. (2001). The relation between managed care market share and the treatment of elderly fee-for-service patients with myocardial infarction. (NBER Working Paper 8065). Available:

Jemal, A., Ward, E., Anderson, R., Murray, T., and Thun, M. (2008). Widening of socioeconomic inequalities in U.S. death rates, 1993-2001. PLoS ONE, 3(5), e2181.

Karlamangla, A.S., Merkin, S.S., Crimmins, E.M., and Seeman. T.E. (no date). Socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular risk in the United States, 2001-2006. (Unpublished manuscript).

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement