1990

The Florida Preservation 2000 Act establishes a coordinated land acquisition program at $300 million per year for 10 years to protect the integrity of ecological systems and to provide multiple benefits, including the preservation of fish and wildlife habitat, recreation space, and water recharge areas.

1992

Federal and state parties enter into a Consent Decree on Everglades water quality issues in federal court. Under the agreement, all parties commit themselves to achieving both the water quality and quantity necessary to protect and restore the unique ecological characteristics of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge and Everglades National Park.

The Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 1992 authorizes the Kissimmee River Restoration Project and the C&SF Project Restudy, a comprehensive review study for restoring the hydrology of South Florida.

1994

The Florida Everglades Forever Act enacts into state law the settlement provisions of federal-state water quality litigation and provides a financing mechanism for the state to advance water quality improvements in the Everglades by constructing more than 44,000 acres of stormwater treatment areas (STAs) for water entering the Everglades Protection Area. The act also requires the South Florida Water Management District to ensure that best management practices (BMPs) are used to reduce phosphorus in waters discharged into the STAs from the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) and other areas. The rule-making process by which the numeric total phosphorus criterion of 10 parts per billion (ppb) is proposed for the Everglades Protection Area also was established by this act.

1996

WRDA 1996 formally establishes the intergovernmental South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force to coordinate the restoration effort among the state, federal, tribal, and local agencies. It authorizes the USACE to implement the critical restoration projects (see Box 2-3).

Section 390 of the Farm Bill grants $200 million to conduct restoration activities in the South Florida ecosystem.

1999

WRDA 1999 extends Critical Restoration Project authority until 2003 and authorizes two pilot infrastructure projects proposed in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP).



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