address these challenges for future emergency vaccination programs and other medical countermeasures dispensing campaigns.

Participants and attendees included federal, state, tribal, and local public health officials; national healthcare providers’ associations and healthcare providers (including pediatricians, family physicians, obstetricians/gynecologists [OB/GYNs], nurses, EMS providers, and healthcare administrators); private-sector representatives, including pharmacies and health insurers; journalists; and representatives from community organizations. Participants came from across the nation, not just from states where the workshops were held. The workshop agendas are in Appendix B, and a list of the speakers and registered attendees is in Appendix C.

About This Summary

This document is intended to highlight and summarize the presentations and discussions at the three workshops, including participants’ success stories, challenges faced, and lessons learned. The summary also highlights opportunities and areas for further work that participants suggested to help improve future vaccination programs and other medical countermeasures dispensing campaigns. Whenever possible, unique ideas or concepts presented at the workshop are attributed to the individual who first advanced those concepts. In situations where many participants made similar points, the recurring themes are identified. Any opinions, conclusions, or recommendations discussed in this workshop summary are solely those of the individual participants and should not be construed as reflecting consensus or endorsement by the workshop, the Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events, or The National Academies.



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