48 J. Dooley, U.S. Federal Investments in Energy R&D: 1961-2008, U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL-17952, October 2008. Available at: http://www.greentechhistory.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/federal-investment-in-energy-rd-2008.pdf. See also: D. Kammen and G. Nemet, Reversing the Incredible Shrinking Energy R&D Budget, Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 2005.


49 Best Selling Hybrid Cars in 2009, Hybrid Cars, March 4, 2010. Available at: http://www.hybrid-cars.org/announcements/top-hybrid-car-2009.


50 Mitsubishi unveils first mass-market electric car from a major car maker, The Guardian, January 20, 2010. See: http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2009/jan/20/greentech-travelandtransport.


51 M. Huckerbee, S. Wong, T. Cai, China’s intervention in global M&A heats up while AML private actions cool down, Mallesons Stephen Jaques website, November 2009, See: http://www.mallesons.com/publications/2009/Nov/10131333w.htm.


52 K. Richburg, China is pulling ahead in worldwide race for high-speed rail transportation, The Washington Post, May 12, 2010.


53 Information on foreign holdings of U.S, treasury securities is available at: http://www.ustreas.gov/tic/mfh.txt. Total debt held by the public is available at: http://www.treasurydirect.gov/NP/NPGateway.


54 A. Damast, Asking for Student Loan Forgiveness, BusinessWeek, March 24, 2009.


55 International Atomic Energy Agency. See: http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.reaucct.htm (Accessed August 26, 2010).


56 S. Kirchhoff, Economic Impacts of Prison Growth, Congressional Research Service, 7-5700, April 13, 2010


57 Approvals of new molecular entities (NMEs) are counted. See J. Owens, 2006 Drug Approvals: Finding the Niche, Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, February 2007. Available at: http://www.nature.com/nrd/journal/v6/n2/fig_tab/nrd2247_F1.html; M. Martino, 2007 FDA Approvals, Fierce Biotech, January 14, 2008. Available at: http://www.fiercebiotech.com/special-reports/2007-fda-approvals; and M. Arnold, FDA BLA approvals rose in 2009 while NMEs stumbled, Medical Marketing and Media, December 31, 2009. Available at: http://www.mmm-online.com/fda-bla-approvals-rose-in-2009-while-nmes-stumbled/article/160496/.


58 For spending on cigarettes, see: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/economics/econ_facts/. For cost estimates of the Gathering Storm committee’s recommendations, see National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine, Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future, Washington, DC, 2007, Appendix E.


59 V. Rideout, U. G. Foehr, and D. F. Roberts, Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds, Kaiser Family Foundation, January 2010.


60 NSB, 2010.


61 J. Pomfret, China pushing the envelope on science, and sometimes ethics, Washington Post, June 28, 2010.


62 Ibid.


63 Deloitte, Oracle, and the Manufacturing Institute, People and profitability: A time for change, 2009.

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