Discussion Questions:

  • This panel explores the fact that while revenue-generating licenses receive a great deal of attention, they are, in fact, only one of a great number of ways to advance the public good through the transfer of university innovations into practice. We seek here to place revenue-generating licenses in their proper perspective.

  • Looking back over the past 20 years, what would you suggest are the most important metrics for assessing the impact of university technology transfer, in rank order?

  • How would you compare your rank-ordering to your perception of the motives and goals of the various “actors” in the process: university administrators, university technology transfer officers, faculty inventors, student inventors, regional economic development officials, established companies, venture investors, etc.?

  • Again looking back over the past 20 years, how would you rank the effectiveness of various means of university technology transfer: revenue-generating licenses, publication in the open literature, mobility of students and faculty, consulting, industry-sponsored research, industrial affiliate programs, consortia through which participants receive access to technology via NERFs, open-source software, etc.?

  • Assess the compatibility of each of these means with the traditional learning, discovery, and engagement missions of research-intensive universities.

  • How much university spin-off and start-up activity is independent of formally licensed technology?

  • What are the patterns of university faculty and TTO practice with respect to computer software?

  • Recently there have been notable examples of contributions of research results to the public domain, such as Science Commons. In what circumstances are these appropriate and effective substitutes for technology transfer based upon revenue-generating licenses?

12:00 PM to 12:30 PM

Session 5: Open Discussion

1:30 PM to 3:00 PM

Session 6: Using research results to advance the greater social good

Moderated by Alan Bennett, Executive Director, Public Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture, Davis, California


  1. Bhaven Sampat, Assistant Professor of Health Policy and Management, Columbia University

  2. Maria Freire, President, The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation

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