Areas Where Breastfeeding Research Is Needed
Presenter: Karen Bonuck
Bonuck began by highlighting lessons for WIC that she had gleaned from a 2008 review by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF, 2008) of the effects of breastfeeding interventions on initiation, duration, and exclusivity of breastfeeding. Those lessons include:
Study quality matters.
The continuity of care (breastfeeding interventions) over the prenatal and postnatal periods matters.
The focus should be on exclusive breastfeeding rather than any breastfeeding.
The effects of professional and lay support need to be compared.
Based on preliminary evidence from an ongoing study by her group, Bonuck identified a number of key elements of successful interventions to support breastfeeding: