. "Appendix D: Examples of Relevant Voluntary Consensus Standards." Preventing Transmission of Pandemic Influenza and Other Viral Respiratory Diseases: Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers: Update 2010. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2011.
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Preventing Transmission of Pandemic Influenza and other Viral Respiratory Diseases: Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Personnel - Update 2010
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
ANSI has standards that include guidance to employers for the practice of respiratory protection, but not the devices themselves. These include the following:
Practices for Respiratory Protection
Medical Qualifications of Respirator Wearers
Fit-Test Requirements for Respiratory Protection
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has incorporated the following ANSI standard into its eye and face protection standard (Code of Federal Regulations 1919.133):
Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection
Association for Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
AAMI has a standard for fluid resistance of gowns worn by healthcare workers. Minimum performance levels ranging from 1 (least protective) to 4 (most protective) have been determined. These levels apply to the product’s Critical Zone, including seams, but excluding cuffs, hems, and bindings.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards
The FDA includes the following NFPA standard into its requirements for masks and respirators:
Standard for Classification of Flammability of Wearing Apparel
Another example of a relevant NFPA standard includes
Standard on Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations