responsibly implement safety measures. Ms. Chakos has worked with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the California’s Office of Emergency Services on hazard mitigation programs. She has served as a technical advisor for FEMA on risk mitigation and disaster loss estimation. She has advised GeoHazards International; the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); the World Bank; California’s Office of Emergency Services; the Association of Bay Area Governments; and the Center for BioSecurity on disaster and community engagement issues. She has been an invited speaker at the Disasters’ Roundtable at the National Academies; the 2006 conference on the 1906 San Francisco earthquake; and, the Natural Hazards’ Center annual conference at the University of Colorado. International efforts include U.S./Japan and U.S./China seismic workshops, at the UN hazards conference on the Kobe earthquake and recent academic and technical conferences in China examining seismic safety. Publications include papers on disaster issues for numerous technical conferences on disaster risk reduction; for the American Society of Civil Engineers; for Spectra, a professional publication; and for the Natural Hazards’ Observer. She contributed a chapter to OECD’s book, Keeping Schools Safe in Earthquake Country and to Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management (2008). Ms. Chakos received her B.A. in English from California State University, Humboldt, and her M.P.A. from Harvard University Kennedy School.


Ann-Margaret Esnard is a professor and director of the Visual Planning Technology Lab (VPT Lab) in Florida Atlantic University’s School of Urban and Regional Planning. Dr. Esnard’s expertise encompasses coastal vulnerability assessment, GIS/spatial analysis, displacement vulnerability, disaster planning, and land-use planning. She has been involved in a number of related research initiatives, including two NSF-funded projects on topics of hurricane-related population displacement, and long-term recovery. She has written on topics that include: population displacement from catastrophic hurricanes, vulnerability assessments of coastal and flood hazards, quality of life and holistic disaster recovery geospatial technologies, GIS education, public participation GIS, and environmental justice. Esnard has served on a number of local, state and national committee including: the Steering Committee for Evaluation of the National Flood Insurance Program, the Disasters Roundtable of the National Research Council; and the State of Florida Post-Disaster Redevelopment Planning initiative. Dr. Esnard holds degrees in Agricultural Engineering (B.Sc., University of the West Indies-Trinidad), Agronomy and Soils (M.S., University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez) and Regional Planning (Ph.D., UMASS-Amherst). She also completed a two-year postdoc at UNC-Chapel Hill.


John (Jack) R. Harrald is a research professor and adjunct professor of public policy at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Center for Technology, Security, and Policy. Dr. Harrald is Co-Director Emeritus of The George Washington University



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