it is in the community’s best interest to reassess collaboration principles and strategies. This in turn triggers the necessity to evaluate the makeup of collaborating participants and the productivity of collaborative operations and processes. Peer mentoring—tapping into the expertise in other communities that have collaborated successfully—can be a valuable process for obtaining information on effective operations, processes, and strategies.

Much of the evidence supporting the validity of this conceptual framework and its guiding principles is anecdotal, and further examination of guidelines associated with the conceptual model is warranted. The conceptual model can be used by researchers as a roadmap to study and verify the systematic or logical connections of its elements, and determine, for example, metrics needed to assess the validity or progress of specific activities or outcomes. Ultimately, communities will adapt the framework according to their unique characteristics and locally determined issues and priorities. According to Mileti (1999: 63-64), “the process of transforming the future requires open-minded debate; full public participation; a willingness to experiment, learn, fine-tune, and alter; and a consensus among stakeholders to stand behind their shared commitment to the goal.” That concept applies directly to communities attempting to build resilience as they identify and resolve gaps in knowledge and practice.

Chapter 3 of this report provides guidance on applying the concepts in the committee’s conceptual model for private–public collaboration for enhancing community disaster resilience.

REFERENCES

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Butterfoss, F. D., and Kegler, M. C. 2002. Toward a comprehensive understanding of community coalitions: moving from practice to theory. In Emerging Theories in Health Promotion Practice and Research, eds. R. J. DiClemente, R. A. Crosby, and M. C. Kegler. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, pp. 157-193.

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DHS (Department of Homeland Security). 2009. National Infrastructure Protection Plan: Partnering to Enhance Protection and Resiliency. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Homeland Security. Available at www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NIPP_Plan.pdf (accessed August 5, 2010).

Dynes, R. R. 2000. Government Systems for Disaster Management. Preliminary Paper No. 300. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Disaster Research Center. Available at dspace.udel.edu:8080/dspace/bitstream/handle/19716/672/PP300.pdf;jsessionid=571354606BF18BE02F43A1A1702831D1?sequence=1 (accessed September 8, 2010).

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