ISTC International Standards for Tuberculosis Care
LPA line probe assay
M.tb. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
MDR TB multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIH National Institutes of Health
NTM nontuberculosis mycobacteria
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PETTS Preserving Effective Tuberculosis Treatment Study
PEPFAR U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PPD purified protein derivative
RAMS Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
TB tuberculosis
TDR TB totally drug-resistant tuberculosis
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
UV ultraviolet
WHO World Health Organization
XDR TB extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis

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