TABLE S-1 First-of-a-Kind Equipment and Processes That Could Pose Significant Challenges for PCAPP and BGCAPP

FOAK Equipment

Site(s)

Function

Notes

Rocket cutting machine (RCM)

BGCAPP

To separate rocket motors from the warhead.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment.

Linear projectile mortar disassembly (LMPD) machine

BGCAPP

PCAPP

To disassemble projectiles and mortars and remove their bursters.

This is a new unit that replaces the PMD machine used at the baseline incineration sites operated by CMA.

Munitions washout station (MWS)

BGCAPP

PCAPP

To remove the burster well from projectiles, drain the chemical agent, and wash out any agent residues.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment. It replaces the PMD machine used at the baseline incineration sites operated by CMA.

Energetics batch hydrolyser (EBH)

BGCAPP

To neutralize energetics and any chemical agent in the metal parts of the rockets and fuzes from projectiles.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment.

Metal parts treater (MPT)

BGCAPP

To decontaminate projectile bodies and secondary waste by heating to over 1000°F for more than 15 minutes.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment.

Munitions treatment unit (MTU)

PCAPP

To decontaminate projectile bodies and secondary waste by heating to over 1000°F for more than 15 minutes.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment.

Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO)

BGCAPP

To treat agent and energetics hydrolysates before releasing them for final disposal.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment and process.

Immobilized-cell bioreactors (ICBs)

PCAPP

To treat mustard hydrolysate before releasing it for final disposal.

This is an entirely new piece of equipment and process.

that could further improve the safety and environmental programs at those sites.

The statement of task for the Committee to Assess Process Safety Metrics for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants (the commit­tee) is the following:

The National Research Council will establish an ad hoc committee to:

  • Review and evaluate plans for the use of process safety metrics to be employed at the two Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (ACWA) pilot plant facilities,

  • Examine and assess the process safety metrics used in commercial and industrial operations for potentially ap­plicable process safety metrics, and

  • Assess new initiatives at national organizations (i.e., American Institute of Chemical Engineers, etc.) that could be used by ACWA.

As previously indicated, both PCAPP and BGCAPP will use chemical neutralization technology instead of incineration to destroy chemical agents and, in the case of BGCAPP, to destroy certain energetics. Neu­tralization involves the hydrolysis of chemical agent and energetics using hot water for mustard agent and caustic for nerve agent and energetics. PCAPP plans to ship the energetics removed from munitions for disposal offsite and will use biotreatment to destroy the products of mustard agent neutralization, known as hydrolysate. BGCAPP will use neutralization followed by the treatment of the resultant agent and energetics



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