Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 173
Study Committee Biographical Information Clinton V. Oster, Jr., Chair, is Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University. His research centers on aviation safety, airline economics and competition policy, and environmental and natural resource policy. He chaired the Transportation Research Board’s (TRB’s) Committee on Education and Training for Civilian Aviation Careers and the Committee on the Federal Employers’ Liability Act, and he was a member of the Committee for Guidance on Setting and Enforcing Speed Limits. Professor Oster received a PhD from Harvard University, an MS from Carnegie-Mellon University, and a BSE from Princeton University. Tony Bliss is Road Safety Advisor and formerly Lead Road Safety Specialist in the Transport Division of the Energy, Transport, and Water Department of the World Bank. His work concerns the development and promotion of multisectoral strategies to improve road safety results in low- and middle-income countries. He produced a strategic framework to guide World Bank road safety initiatives and assists in the preparation of road safety projects in client countries throughout the World Bank regions. He also led the creation and establishment of the World Bank Global Road Safety Facility, which is funding global, regional, and country capacity-building initiatives. Previously he was the General Manager of the Strategy Division, Land Transport Safety Authority, New Zealand. He has a BA and an MA in economics, both from Canterbury University, Christchurch, New Zealand. William A. Bronrott is the Deputy Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. From 1999 until his appointment as Deputy Administrator in 2010, he was a Democratic member of the Maryland House of Delegates for District 16 in Montgomery County. In the legislature he focused on highway safety and environmental issues. He has served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments and chaired the Montgomery County Blue Ribbon Panel on Pedestrian and Traffic Safety from 2000 to 2002. He has received awards from Mothers Against Drunk Driving, the National Commission Against Drunk Driving, the Institute of Transportation Engineers Maryland–District of Columbia Region, the American Automobile Association, and the Maryland Public Health Association. Mr. Bronrott received an MA and a BA in communications from the University of Maryland. Troy E. Costales is Administrator of the Transportation Safety Division of the Oregon Department of Transportation. He manages driver education and highway safety programs on safety belts, alcohol and other drugged driving, work zones, pedestrians, and bicyclists. Before joining the Transportation Safety Division in 1997, he supervised the statewide crash data system. He is a member of the Standing Committee on Highway Traffic Safety of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and Chair of the Task Group on the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. He participated in the Federal Highway Administration’s 2002 scanning tour on Managing and Organizing Comprehensive Highway Safety in Europe. Mr. Costales received a BS in management from George Fox University in Oregon. 173
OCR for page 173
174 Special Report 300: Achieving Traffic Safety Goals in the United States: Lessons from Other Nations Kent L. Cravens is a Republican member of the New Mexico Senate representing District 21. He has been a member of the legislature since 2001. He serves on the Senate Judiciary Committee and has sponsored legislation on enforcement of regulations on drunk driving and underage drinking. Senator Cravens is a member of the National Conference of State Legislatures’ committees on transportation and health. He is the owner of a small business in the printing industry in Albuquerque. John J. Cullerton is a Democratic member of the Illinois Senate representing the 6th Legislative District in Cook County and is President of the Illinois Senate. He has been a member of the Senate since 1992. He was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1980 to 1992. His focus in the legislature has been on the issues of traffic safety, gun control, and criminal justice reform. He has received awards from Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety and from the Illinois Association of Chiefs of Police. Senator Cullerton received a JD and a BA from Loyola University, Chicago. Joseph A. Farrow is Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol, the state’s lead traffic safety agency. He was appointed chairman of the Vehicle Theft Committee and the Law Enforcement Stops and Safety Subcommittee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and is a member of the TRB Committee on Traffic Law Enforcement. Commissioner Farrow was a 2006 recipient of the International Association of Chiefs of Police J. Stannard Baker Award for career contributions to traffic safety. He received a BA from California State University, Sacramento, and an MA from California State University, San Diego. Patrick S. McCarthy is Chair of the School of Economics in Ivan Allen College at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His areas of research include transportation economics, regulation, industry studies, and infrastructure. His research has included studies of the effects of speed limits and alcohol regulation on highway safety and he has received research funding from the National Institutes of Health and the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. Professor McCarthy earned a PhD in economics from the Claremont Graduate University and a BA in economics from the University of San Diego. Alison Smiley is President of Human Factors North Inc., a Toronto-based human factors engineering consulting company founded in 1982. She is an adjunct professor in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial at the University of Toronto. She has carried out research on driver behavior using simulators and instrumented vehicles, participated in road reconstruction and design projects, and developed and taught human factors and road safety courses to engineers, police, and other transportation professionals in Canada and the United States. She has served on a number of Transportation Research Board committees and serves on the board of the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention. She was the 1997 recipient of the A.R. Lauer Safety Award given by the U.S. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society for outstanding contributions to the human factors aspects of highway safety. She received an MASc and a PhD in systems design engineering specializing in Human Factors from the University of Waterloo and a BSc from the University of Western Ontario.
OCR for page 173
Study Committee Biographical Information 175 John S. Strong is CSX Professor of Business Administration, Economics, and Finance at the College of William and Mary. His research is on transportation economics and safety, particularly in the airline industry, and on economics and finance in developing countries. He has worked on airport, air navigation, and regulatory issues in the United States, Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the former Soviet Union for governments and private organizations. He was a member of the TRB Committee for the Study of the Regulation of Weights, Lengths, and Widths of Commercial Motor Vehicles. He received a PhD and an MS from Harvard University and a BA from Washington and Lee University. Richard Tay is Associate Dean (Research) and Chair in Road Safety Management in the Faculty of Law and Management of La Trobe University in Bundoora, Australia. Until 2010, he was Professor and Research Chair for Road Safety in the Department of Civil Engineering and Adjunct Professor for Injury Prevention in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada. He is also an Adjunct Professor in Road Safety at the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety in the School of Psychology at Queensland University of Technology in Australia. He has lectured at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, the Chinese University in Hong Kong, and Lincoln University in New Zealand. His research and teaching involve the application of engineering, health, economics, marketing, psychology, and statistical models to analyze road crashes and evaluate road safety policies and programs as well as the development, implementation, and evaluation of measures to improve road safety. He has a PhD in economics from Purdue University, an MS in engineering economic systems from Stanford University, and a BS in electrical engineering from Texas Tech University. Allan F. Williams retired in 2004 as Chief Scientist at the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Before he came to IIHS, he was Project Director at the Medical Foundation, Inc., in Boston, Massachusetts, and Alcoholism Research Analyst at the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Dr. Williams is the author and coauthor of numerous journal articles and publications in the field of highway safety. He received a PhD in social psychology from Harvard University and an AB in psychology from Wesleyan University.