Physical Inactivity

Biological Sex/Gender Considerations

Thermoregulation

Increasing Translational Research in the Space/Life Sciences

Implementation of a Clinical and Translational Science Framework

The ISS and the U.S. National Laboratory as an Analog of a CTSA Clinical Research Unit

Aspects of Clinical and Translational Science Applicable to Space Biomedical Research

Overarching Issues and Gaps in the Knowledge Base

Educating the Next Generation of Space Translational Scientists

The Procurement Process and Its Effect on Flight Research

International Collaboration Between Space Agencies

Summary

Stress

Food, Nutrition, and Energy Balance

Radiation Biology

Biological Sex/Gender

Thermoregulation

Overarching Issue—Integrated Countermeasures Development

References

8  FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL SCIENCES IN SPACE

Research Issues

Thrust I: Soft-Condensed-Matter Physics and Complex Fluids

Thrust II: Precision Measurements of Fundamental Forces and Symmetries

Thrust III: Quantum Gases

Thrust IV: Condensed Matter and Critical Phenomena

Available and Needed Platforms

Ground-Based Research

Aircraft and Drop Towers

The International Space Station

Free-Flying Spacecraft

Lunar or Martian Bases

Program Recommendations for Experiment-Specific Support Facilities on Various Platforms

Research Program Recommendations

Recommended Program Element 1: Research on Complex Fluids and Soft Matter (FP1)

Recommended Program Element 2: Research That Tests and Expands Understanding of the Fundamental Forces and Symmetries of Nature (FP2)

Recommended Program Element 3: Research Related to the Physics and Applications of Quantum Gases (FP3)

Recommended Program Element 4: Investigations of Matter in the Vicinity of Critical Points (FP4)

Programmatic Conclusions, Findings, and Recommendations

References

9  APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Fluid Physics

Research in Support of NASA’s Exploration Missions

Fundamental Research in Complex Fluid Physics

Recommended Research in Fluid Physics



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