Cover Image

HARDBACK
$69.95



View/Hide Left Panel

TABLE F-4 Evidence Map for Falls and Physical Performance

Indicator

Mechanistic Data

Animal Data

Observational Studies

Randomized Trials

Primary Outcome

Secondary or Non–Pre-specified Outcomesa

Calcium

Vitamin D

NOTE: = evidence is published; — = no available evidence.

aSecondary outcomes often were not pre-specified by the investigators.

TABLE F-5 Evidence Map for Immune Function

Indicator

Mechanistic Data

Animal Data

Observational Studies

Randomized Trials

Primary Outcome

Secondary or Non–Pre-specified Outcomesa

Vitamin D

 

 

 

 

 

Asthma

Diabetes (Type 1)

Irritable bowel and crohn’s disease

Multiple sclerosis

Rheumatoid arthritis

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Tuberculosis

Influenza/Upper respiratory infections

NOTE: = evidence is published; — = no available evidence.

aSecondary outcomes often were not pre-specified by the investigators.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement