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Estimated Intakes of Calcium and Vitamin D from National Surveys

UNITED STATES

In order to assist the committee, staff from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), provided more detailed information regarding calcium and vitamin D intakes among the U.S. population than is available from Bailey et al. (2010).1 The data tables provided are included in this appendix (Tables H-1 through H-4). The data are based on the 2005–2006 reports from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), specifically What We Eat in America,2 but incorporate (1) information on supplement use to allow the estimation of a total intake; (2) a shrinkage estimator approach rather than a Monte Carlo approach to obtain usual intake percentiles; and (3) supplement use as a covariate. These data form the basis for some of the figures in Chapter 7, as specified in the figure legends.

CANADA

Intake data for calcium and vitamin D from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Cycle 2.2, Nutrition are shown in Tables H-5 and

1

Bailey, R. L., K. W. Dodd, J. A. Goldman, J. J. Gahche, J. T. Dwyer, A. J. Moshfegh, C. T. Sempos and M. F. Picciano. 2010. Estimation of Total Usual Calcium and Vitamin D Intake in the United States. Journal of Nutrition 140(4): 817-22.

2

Available online at http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=13793 (accessed August 13, 2010).



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H Estimated Intakes of Calcium and Vitamin D from National Surveys UNITED STATES In order to assist the committee, staff from the National Cancer Insti- tute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), provided more detailed information regarding calcium and vitamin D intakes among the U.S. population than is available from Bailey et al. (2010).1 The data tables pro- vided are included in this appendix (Tables H-1 through H-4). The data are based on the 2005–2006 reports from the National Health and Nutri- tion Examination Survey (NHANES), specifically What We Eat in America,2 but incorporate (1) information on supplement use to allow the estimation of a total intake; (2) a shrinkage estimator approach rather than a Monte Carlo approach to obtain usual intake percentiles; and (3) supplement use as a covariate. These data form the basis for some of the figures in Chapter 7, as specified in the figure legends. CANADA Intake data for calcium and vitamin D from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Cycle 2.2, Nutrition are shown in Tables H-5 and 1Bailey, R. L., K. W. Dodd, J. A. Goldman, J. J. Gahche, J. T. Dwyer, A. J. Moshfegh, C. T. Sempos and M. F. Picciano. 2010. Estimation of Total Usual Calcium and Vitamin D Intake in the United States. Journal of Nutrition 140(4): 817-22. 2Available online at http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=13793 (accessed August 13, 2010). 1035

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1036 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D TABLE H-1 Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2003–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 998.4 372.5 501.1 733.2 968.0 1213.6 1604.7 2102.1 [S.E.] [28.8] [35.2] [25.3] [21.6] [35.2] [49.3] [79.1] [237.1] M 4–8 Est. 1058.6 413.3 597.4 854.6 1044.8 1207.4 1583.3 1961.0 [S.E.] [29.7] [52.3] [35.8] [32.4] [39.0] [46.7] [51.7] [112.5] M 9–13 Est. 1074.8 472.2 587.7 864.2 1055.1 1267.6 1600.0 1933.2 [S.E.] [31.7] [62.9] [64.8] [35.7] [45.0] [39.7] [78.9] [166.8] M 14–18 Est. 1269.3 423.4 585.6 884.2 1168.7 1564.5 2346.0 2980.8 [S.E.] [38.3] [69.3] [59.3] [35.0] [39.2] [54.6] [157.9] [211.8] M 19–30 Est. 1210.9 459.0 582.4 868.9 1126.5 1490.1 2109.3 2576.8 [S.E.] [33.6] [30.0] [42.6] [31.5] [33.6] [55.4] [112.7] [184.5] M 31–50 Est. 1116.2 410.3 558.1 821.1 1051.9 1354.2 1886.1 2278.6 [S.E.] [24.9] [69.2] [31.6] [25.5] [30.0] [40.2] [80.4] [118.1] M 51–70 Est. 952.1 314.3 443.0 686.3 882.6 1148.2 1704.4 2272.5 [S.E.] [20.0] [25.0] [24.0] [18.2] [18.2] [30.9] [60.3] [182.1] M 71+ Est. 871.9 323.7 407.3 640.2 833.3 1059.6 1422.1 1860.7 [S.E.] [25.6] [18.9] [25.0] [20.7] [21.1] [38.4] [77.5] [185.0] F 1–3 Est. 986.0 381.6 541.5 758.0 936.3 1130.2 1545.1 1821.6 [S.E.] [28.1] [35.2] [27.3] [28.2] [26.3] [38.5] [89.1] [130.9] F 4–8 Est. 951.3 408.7 515.9 739.2 898.4 1105.9 1527.3 1891.3 [S.E.] [26.9] [32.1] [39.8] [31.7] [30.2] [43.9] [56.9] [137.9] F 9–13 Est. 966.9 384.6 496.1 743.0 938.2 1161.8 1564.1 1992.2 [S.E.] [44.9] [63.0] [52.3] [49.5] [42.5] [59.5] [136.4] [319.7] F 14–18 Est. 875.8 301.0 428.0 657.5 825.5 1047.8 1458.3 1909.1 [S.E.] [25.3] [29.4] [37.6] [27.4] [33.0] [43.0] [78.1] [191.4] F 19–30 Est. 838.5 314.3 437.2 640.2 791.9 1011.3 1329.8 1643.1 [S.E.] [25.7] [52.4] [37.9] [24.2] [24.8] [33.8] [54.9] [228.8] F 31–50 Est. 866.7 311.4 387.7 621.9 797.4 1045.2 1514.1 2083.6 [S.E.] [20.6] [14.9] [20.7] [15.6] [19.0] [26.7] [74.9] [198.5] F 51–70 Est. 788.4 280.2 407.5 587.1 755.4 942.0 1352.5 1664.7 [S.E.] [22.4] [24.7] [16.1] [16.9] [22.9] [29.8] [54.3] [49.3] F 71+ Est. 749.7 286.7 344.5 536 706.5 895.3 1336.7 1709.5 [S.E.] [18.1] [27.1] [16.9] [18.6] [16.5] [26.1] [46.0] [175.1] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009. H-6. These values have been obtained from the publicly available reports3 and form the basis for some of the figures in Chapter 7, as specified in the figure legends. 3Available online at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/cgi-bin/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey &SDDS=3226&lang=en&db=imdb&adm=8&dis=2#a2 (access August 13, 2010).

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1037 APPENDIX H TABLE H-2 Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2003–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 1008.4 372.5 514.3 740.4 969.6 1217.7 1604.7 2102.1 [S.E.] [28.4] [35.2] [29.2] [23.7] [30.0] [53.7] [89.6] [237.1] M 4–8 Est. 1087.2 459.7 636.3 874.6 1070.4 1248.1 1633.3 2044.0 [S.E.] [31.1] [53.4] [40.3] [30.0] [33.8] [52.7] [60.3] [163.2] M 9–13 Est. 1092.8 472.2 613.0 876.6 1070.3 1278.7 1664.9 2124.5 [S.E.] [32.9] [62.9] [65.7] [34.9] [47.4] [37.8] [74.0] [125.0] M 14–18 Est. 1296.9 423.4 592.0 904.9 1210.2 1584.1 2439.9 3057.7 [S.E.] [41.1] [60.5] [62.3] [39.8] [42.4] [54.2] [148.9] [219.4] M 19–30 Est. 1259.5 459.0 595.0 890.0 1165.8 1545.1 2159.2 2686.9 [S.E.] [34.0] [30.3] [40.0] [35.7] [41.1] [52.4] [161.6] [175.6] M 31–50 Est. 1220.2 440.2 573.8 874.0 1139.5 1487.4 2164.7 2706.3 [S.E.] [27.4] [79.1] [29.4] [28.0] [28.9] [47.7] [66.9] [220.5] M 51–70 Est. 1092.0 349.6 463.5 737.3 992.9 1321.4 2021.7 2743.1 [S.E.] [21.4] [24.2] [21.0] [19.5] [20.5] [30.9] [128.2] [205.1] M 71+ Est. 1087.0 338.5 455.4 740.3 966.8 1282.4 2014.7 3059.8 [S.E.] [28.6] [27.4] [20.2] [30.3] [28.9] [36.9] [71.1] [412.4] F 1–3 Est. 977.3 397.2 545.0 774.8 946.5 1135.7 1547.5 1824.6 [S.E.] [28.1] [37.7] [23.7] [32.2] [31.0] [32.9] [86.4] [124.7] F 4–8 Est. 974.1 435.1 533.5 756.1 912.7 1144.4 1541 1891.3 [S.E.] [27.1] [32.3] [35.0] [31.5] [27.8] [46.5] [46.1] [123.2] F 9–13 Est. 988.4 389.3 498.4 749.1 942.1 1200.3 1587.9 2086.3 [S.E.] [47.1] [60.8] [52.6] [49.9] [39.1] [60.8] [122.1] [280.4] F 14–18 Est. 917.8 301.0 430.5 662.7 867.3 1100.3 1607.7 2008.3 [S.E.] [30] [29.4] [36.7] [29.1] [41.4] [55.5] [117.9] [105.2] F 19–30 Est. 945.4 314.3 437.2 660.1 863.2 1094.6 1671.3 2550.8 [S.E.] [29.8] [52.4] [38.6] [30.6] [21.7] [51] [137.7] [349.1] F 31–50 Est. 1055.4 326.0 441.6 690.6 933.7 1274.7 2099.2 2661.7 [S.E.] [28.3] [15.9] [22.0] [20.9] [25.6] [56.5] [151.7] [128.0] F 51–70 Est. 1186.5 280.2 439.7 709.3 1043.6 1487.0 2364.0 3697.9 [S.E.] [37.3] [35.7] [23.1] [34.4] [43.6] [56.2] [109.8] [792.6] F 71+ Est. 1139.4 290.2 385.1 663.5 982.9 1474.9 2297.7 3071.5 [S.E.] [24.9] [22.1] [31.5] [18.8] [35.9] [46.7] [148.5] [203.2] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

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1038 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D TABLE H-3a Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 288 48 88 176 280 396 500 632 [S.E.] [8] [12] [16] [16] [16] [24] [24] [84] M 4–8 Est. 256 64 92 180 236 312 440 508 [S.E.] [12] [12] [16] [16] [8] [8] [20] [96] M 9–13 Est. 224 56 68 156 216 284 424 572 [S.E.] [8] [28] [20] [16] [12] [16] [48] [88] M 14–18 Est. 240 28 48 104 196 320 628 824 [S.E.] [16] [4] [12] [8] [16] [16] [56] [104] M 19–30 Est. 200 28 48 96 168 280 440 556 [S.E.] [12] [8] [12] [12] [12] [16] [44] [80] M 31–50 Est. 216 36 56 120 176 280 508 700 [S.E.] [12] [4] [8] [8] [16] [16] [40] [60] M 51–70 Est. 204 36 60 120 176 272 416 608 [S.E.] [12] [12] [8] [12] [8] [28] [64] [128] M 71+ Est. 224 56 80 144 208 280 396 604 [S.E.] [16] [8] [12] [12] [16] [24] [64] [144] F 1–3 Est. 272 48 100 176 260 348 500 700 [S.E.] [16] [20] [16] [12] [16] [20] [64] [48] F 4–8 Est. 216 60 84 140 208 280 388 448 [S.E.] [12] [16] [12] [16] [16] [16] [32] [32] F 9–13 Est. 208 28 64 124 196 272 416 612 [S.E.] [24] [24] [28] [24] [20] [28] [76] [196] F 14–18 Est. 148 28 44 76 132 188 380 492 [S.E.] [8] [8] [12] [12] [12] [12] [64] [60] F 19–30 Est. 140 16 28 80 116 188 308 472 [S.E.] [12] [8] [12] [12] [12] [16] [20] [100] F 31–50 Est. 176 24 32 84 136 232 412 652 [S.E.] [12] [4] [4] [8] [12] [12] [76] [64] F 51–70 Est. 156 36 48 88 140 192 332 452 [S.E.] [16] [8] [8] [8] [12] [24] [40] [184] F 71+ Est. 176 20 44 100 160 236 352 524 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [12] [8] [12] [24] [92] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

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1039 APPENDIX H TABLE H-3b Estimated Vitamin D Intake (µg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 7.20 1.20 2.20 4.40 7.00 9.90 12.50 15.80 [S.E.] [0.20] [0.30] [0.40] [0.40] [0.40] [0.60] [0.60] [2.10] M 4–8 Est. 6.40 1.60 2.30 4.50 5.90 7.80 11.00 12.70 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.30] [0.40] [0.40] [0.20] [0.20] [0.50] [2.40] M 9–13 Est. 5.60 1.40 1.70 3.90 5.40 7.10 10.60 14.30 [S.E.] [0.20] [0.70] [0.50] [0.40] [0.30] [0.40] [1.20] [2.20] M 14–18 Est. 6.00 0.70 1.20 2.60 4.90 8.00 15.70 20.60 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.10] [0.30] [0.20] [0.40] [0.40] [1.40] [2.60] M 19–30 Est. 5.00 0.70 1.20 2.40 4.20 7.00 11.00 13.90 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.30] [0.40] [1.10] [2.00] M 31–50 Est. 5.40 0.90 1.40 3.00 4.40 7.00 12.70 17.50 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.10] [0.20] [0.20] [0.40] [0.40] [1.00] [1.50] M 51–70 Est. 5.10 0.90 1.50 3.00 4.40 6.80 10.40 15.20 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.20] [0.70] [1.60] [3.20] M 71+ Est. 5.60 1.40 2.00 3.60 5.20 7.00 9.90 15.10 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.40] [0.60] [1.60] [3.60] F 1–3 Est. 6.80 1.20 2.50 4.40 6.50 8.70 12.50 17.50 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.50] [0.40] [0.30] [0.40] [0.50] [1.60] [1.20] F 4–8 Est. 5.40 1.50 2.10 3.50 5.20 7.00 9.70 11.20 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.40] [0.30] [0.40] [0.40] [0.40] [0.80] [0.80] F 9–13 Est. 5.20 0.70 1.60 3.10 4.90 6.80 10.40 15.30 [S.E.] [0.60] [0.60] [0.70] [0.60] [0.50] [0.70] [1.90] [4.90] F 14–18 Est. 3.70 0.70 1.10 1.90 3.30 4.70 9.50 12.30 [S.E.] [0.20] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.30] [0.30] [1.60] [1.50] F 19–30 Est. 3.50 0.40 0.70 2.00 2.90 4.70 7.70 11.80 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.30] [0.40] [0.50] [2.50] F 31–50 Est. 4.40 0.60 0.80 2.10 3.40 5.80 10.30 16.30 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.10] [0.10] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [1.90] [1.60] F 51–70 Est. 3.90 0.90 1.20 2.20 3.50 4.80 8.30 11.30 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.20] [0.20] [0.20] [0.30] [0.60] [1.00] [4.60] F 71+ Est. 4.40 0.50 1.10 2.50 4.00 5.90 8.80 13.10 [S.E.] [0.20] [0.20] [0.20] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.60] [2.30] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

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1040 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D TABLE H-4a Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2005–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 364 48 108 220 332 484 804 884 [S.E.] [16] [16] [20] [16] [20] [28] [80] [48] M 4–8 Est. 372 68 124 224 312 488 776 996 [S.E.] [16] [32] [20] [12] [28] [36] [24] [128] M 9–13 Est. 300 56 92 172 244 332 600 856 [S.E.] [28] [12] [20] [16] [12] [52] [40] [2236] M 14–18 Est. 276 32 48 112 232 368 704 972 [S.E.] [20] [4] [12] [12] [24] [40] [72] [100] M 19–30 Est. 264 28 52 100 192 368 712 1024 [S.E.] [16] [8] [12] [12] [20] [24] [76] [156] M 31–50 Est. 316 40 72 144 256 448 724 1000 [S.E.] [12] [4] [8] [12] [24] [24] [24] [124] M 51–70 Est. 352 44 64 136 260 528 780 988 [S.E.] [16] [12] [8] [12] [20] [24] [96] [352] M 71+ Est. 428 60 108 196 336 596 844 1552 [S.E.] [28] [16] [12] [20] [32] [20] [112] [1800] F 1–3 Est. 336 72 128 208 304 416 676 864 [S.E.] [16] [20] [24] [24] [32] [24] [44] [76] F 4–8 Est. 316 64 104 176 256 392 672 1888 [S.E.] [24] [16] [12] [16] [16] [56] [60] [952] F 9–13 Est. 308 36 64 132 216 356 756 1024 [S.E.] [40] [24] [28] [28] [24] [76] [160] [2268] F 14–18 Est. 200 28 44 84 144 252 568 696 [S.E.] [20] [8] [12] [20] [12] [40] [44] [72] F 19–30 Est. 232 16 32 84 156 308 640 996 [S.E.] [12] [8] [12] [12] [16] [20] [72] [140] F 31–50 Est. 308 24 36 104 232 472 784 984 [S.E.] [20] [4] [4] [12] [20] [36] [60] [88] F 51–70 Est. 404 36 64 136 308 560 936 2908 [S.E.] [40] [8] [12] [16] [36] [28] [88] [1544] F 71+ Est. 400 32 80 148 356 572 940 1296 [S.E.] [20] [12] [8] [12] [36] [32] [28] [128] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

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1041 APPENDIX H TABLE H-4b Estimated Vitamin D Intake (µg/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2005–2006 Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 1st 5th 25th 50th 75th 95th 99th M 1–3 Est. 9.10 1.20 2.70 5.50 8.30 12.10 20.10 22.10 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.40] [0.50] [0.40] [0.50] [0.70] [2.00] [1.20] M 4–8 Est. 9.30 1.70 3.10 5.60 7.80 12.20 19.40 24.90 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.80] [0.50] [0.30] [0.70] [0.90] [0.60] [3.20] M 9–13 Est. 7.50 1.40 2.30 4.30 6.10 8.30 15.00 21.40 [S.E.] [0.70] [0.30] [0.50] [0.40] [0.30] [1.30] [1.00] [55.90] M 14–18 Est. 6.90 0.80 1.20 2.80 5.80 9.20 17.60 24.30 [S.E.] [0.50] [0.10] [0.30] [0.30] [0.60] [1.00] [1.80] [2.50] M 19–30 Est. 6.60 0.70 1.30 2.50 4.80 9.20 17.80 25.60 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.50] [0.60] [1.90] [3.90] M 31–50 Est. 7.90 1.00 1.80 3.60 6.40 11.20 18.10 25.00 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.10] [0.20] [0.30] [0.60] [0.60] [0.60] [3.10] M 51–70 Est. 8.80 1.10 1.60 3.40 6.50 13.20 19.50 24.70 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.50] [0.60] [2.40] [8.80] M 71+ Est. 10.70 1.50 2.70 4.90 8.40 14.90 21.10 38.80 [S.E.] [0.70] [0.40] [0.30] [0.50] [0.80] [0.50] [2.80] [45.00] F 1–3 Est. 8.40 1.80 3.20 5.20 7.60 10.40 16.90 21.60 [S.E.] [0.40] [0.50] [0.60] [0.60] [0.80] [0.60] [1.10] [1.90] F 4–8 Est. 7.90 1.60 2.60 4.40 6.40 9.80 16.80 47.20 [S.E.] [0.60] [0.40] [0.30] [0.40] [0.40] [1.40] [1.50] [23.80] F 9–13 Est. 7.70 0.90 1.60 3.30 5.40 8.90 18.90 25.60 [S.E.] [1.00] [0.60] [0.70] [0.70] [0.60] [1.90] [4.00] [56.70] F 14–18 Est. 5.00 0.70 1.10 2.10 3.60 6.30 14.20 17.40 [S.E.] [0.50] [0.20] [0.30] [0.50] [0.30] [1.00] [1.10] [1.80] F 19–30 Est. 5.80 0.40 0.80 2.10 3.90 7.70 16.00 24.90 [S.E.] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.30] [0.40] [0.50] [1.80] [3.50] F 31–50 Est. 7.70 0.60 0.90 2.60 5.80 11.80 19.60 24.60 [S.E.] [0.50] [0.10] [0.10] [0.30] [0.50] [0.90] [1.50] [2.20] F 51–70 Est. 10.10 0.90 1.60 3.40 7.70 14.00 23.40 72.70 [S.E.] [1.00] [0.20] [0.30] [0.40] [0.90] [0.70] [2.20] [38.60] F 71+ Est. 10.00 0.80 2.00 3.70 8.90 14.30 23.50 32.40 [S.E.] [0.50] [0.30] [0.20] [0.30] [0.90] [0.80] [0.70] [3.20] SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

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1042 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D TABLE H-5 Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in Canada from Food Sources Only Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 5th 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th Both 1–3 Est. 1051 552 650 826 1041 1292 1567 1753 [S.E.] [18] [23] [23] [22] [22] [27] [37] [44] Both 4–8 Est. 1036 585 666 814 1003 1228 1472 1635 [S.E.] [16] [21] [19] [17] [18] [26] [39] [49] M 9–13 Est. 1219 620 718 906 1164 1482 1827 2066 [S.E.] [27] [27] [27] [27] [31] [41] [57] [75] M 14–18 Est. 1300 670 785 1002 1288 1633 2001 2249 [S.E.] [28] [38] [37] [35] [35] [43] [60] [75] M 19–30 Est. 1107 516 606 784 1029 1340 1691 1934 [S.E.] [35] [31] [32] [33] [38] [54] [81] [104] M 31–50 Est. 938 440 518 680 893 1156 1458 1675 [S.E.] [17] [24] [24] [24] [24] [31] [47] [62] M 51–70 Est. 832 390 457 588 776 1025 1304 1498 [S.E.] [17] [18] [18] [18] [20] [27] [41] [54] M > 70 Est. 762 336 398 523 702 932 1193 1377 [S.E.] [33] [20] [21] [23] [29] [40] [57] [72] M 19+ Est. 931 413 489 647 868 1151 1475 1708 [S.E.] [13] [11] [12] [13] [15] [20] [30] [39] F 9–13 Est. 993 515 596 749 950 1188 1440 1611 [S.E.] [24] [23] [22] [23] [26] [33] [46] [58] F 14–18 Est. 917 420 500 660 888 1166 1459 1659 [S.E.] [21] [21] [22] [23] [25] [33] [51] [68] F 19–30 Est. 867 407 479 622 820 1063 1323 1498 [S.E.] [27] [25] [25] [26] [28] [36] [51] [63] F 31–50 Est. 827 389 457 599 785 1027 1287 1477 [S.E.] [19] [21] [22] [22] [23] [28] [40] [53] F 51–70 Est. 740 344 410 534 702 910 1138 1302 [S.E.] [13] [14] [14] [14] [15] [19] [27] [36] F > 70 Est. 690 341 397 509 661 849 1060 1211 [S.E.] [17] [17] [18] [20] [22] [26] [34] [42] F 19+ Est. 793 373 440 572 752 982 1234 1413 [S.E.] [10] [10] [10] [10] [12] [15] [21] [28] SOURCE: Statistics Canada, CCHS, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004).

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1043 APPENDIX H TABLE H-6a Estimated Vitamin D Intake in Canada (IU/day) from Food Sources Only Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 5th 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th Both 1–3 Est. 260 84 116 176 252 340 436 500 [S.E.] [4] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] Both 4–8 Est. 240 100 124 168 224 296 376 432 [S.E.] [4] [4] [4] [4] [4] [8] [12] [16] M 9–13 Est. 280 124 148 196 264 352 444 512 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [20] M 14–18 Est. 304 108 140 200 288 400 544 648 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [12] [24] [32] M 19–30 Est. 236 88 108 148 208 288 388 464 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [28] [40] M 31–50 Est. 232 92 112 148 204 288 396 476 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [24] [36] M 51–70 Est. 284 92 112 160 236 360 540 692 [S.E.] [20] [8] [8] [12] [16] [28] [48] [72] M > 70 Est. 252 88 108 148 212 308 440 552 [S.E.] [16] [8] [8] [8] [16] [20] [32] [44] M 19+ Est. 248 88 108 148 212 312 444 552 [S.E.] [8] [4] [4] [4] [8] [12] [20] [28] F 9–13 Est. 228 88 112 152 208 280 368 428 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [16] [20] F 14–18 Est. 200 60 80 120 176 256 356 428 [S.E.] [8] [4] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [28] F 19–30 Est. 188 68 88 120 168 232 312 372 [S.E.] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [24] F 31–50 Est. 208 76 92 128 180 264 384 480 [S.E.] [12] [8] [8] [8] [12] [20] [40] [60] F 51–70 Est. 200 68 84 120 176 268 392 492 [S.E.] [12] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [36] [52] F > 70 Est. 212 80 100 136 188 272 376 460 [S.E.] [12] [8] [8] [8] [12] [16] [24] [36] F 19+ Est. 200 72 88 124 176 256 368 460 [S.E.] [4] [4] [4] [4] [4] [8] [16] [28] SOURCE: Statistics Canada, CCHS, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004).

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1044 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D TABLE H-6b Estimated Vitamin D Intake in Canada (µg/day) from Food Sources Only Percentile DRI Sex/ Age Group Mean 5th 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th Both 1–3 Est. 6.5 2.1 2.9 4.4 6.3 8.5 10.9 12.5 [S.E.] [0.1] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] Both 4–8 Est. 6.0 2.5 3.1 4.2 5.6 7.4 9.4 10.8 [S.E.] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] M 9–13 Est. 7.0 3.1 3.7 4.9 6.6 8.8 11.1 12.8 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.5] M 14–18 Est. 7.6 2.7 3.5 5.0 7.2 10.0 13.6 16.2 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.3] [0.6] [0.8] M 19–30 Est. 5.9 2.2 2.7 3.7 5.2 7.2 9.7 11.6 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.7] [1.0] M 31–50 Est. 5.8 2.3 2.8 3.7 5.1 7.2 9.9 11.9 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.6] [0.9] M 51–70 Est. 7.1 2.3 2.8 4.0 5.9 9.0 13.5 17.3 [S.E.] [0.5] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.7] [1.2] [1.8] M > 70 Est. 6.3 2.2 2.7 3.7 5.3 7.7 11.0 13.8 [S.E.] [0.4] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.4] [0.5] [0.8] [1.1] M 19+ Est. 6.2 2.2 2.7 3.7 5.3 7.8 11.1 13.8 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.2] [0.3] [0.5] [0.7] F 9–13 Est. 5.7 2.2 2.8 3.8 5.2 7.0 9.2 10.7 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.4] [0.5] F 14–18 Est. 5.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.4 6.4 8.9 10.7 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.1] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.7] F 19–30 Est. 4.7 1.7 2.2 3.0 4.2 5.8 7.8 9.3 [S.E.] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.6] F 31–50 Est. 5.2 1.9 2.3 3.2 4.5 6.6 9.6 12.0 [S.E.] [0.3] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.5] [1.0] [1.5] F 51–70 Est. 5.0 1.7 2.1 3.0 4.4 6.7 9.8 12.3 S.E. [0.3] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.9] [1.3] F > 70 Est. 5.3 2.0 2.5 3.4 4.7 6.8 9.4 11.5 S.E. [0.3] [0.2] [0.2] [0.2] [0.3] [0.4] [0.6] [0.9] F 19+ Est. 5.0 1.8 2.2 3.1 4.4 6.4 9.2 11.5 [S.E.] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.1] [0.2] [0.4] [0.7] SOURCE: Statistics Canada, CCHS, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004).