Cover Image

HARDBACK
$69.95



View/Hide Left Panel

Magnesium (mg/d)b

Manganese (mg/d)

Molybdenum (μg/d)

Nickel (mg/d)

Phosphorus (g/d)

Selenium (μg/d)

Siliconc

Vanadium (mg/d)d

Zinc (mg/d)

Sodium (g/d)

Chloride (g/d)

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

45

ND

ND

4

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

60

ND

ND

5

ND

ND

65

2

300

0.2

3

90

ND

ND

7

1.5

2.3

110

3

600

0.3

3

150

ND

ND

12

1.9

2.9

350

6

1,100

0.6

4

280

ND

ND

23

2.2

3.4

350

9

1,700

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

34

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

3

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

6

1,100

0.6

4

280

ND

ND

23

2.2

3.4

350

9

1,700

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

34

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

3

400

ND

1.8

40

2.3

3.6

350

9

1,700

1.0

3.5

400

ND

ND

34

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

3.5

400

ND

ND

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

3.5

400

ND

ND

40

2.3

3.6

350

9

1,700

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

34

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

40

2.3

3.6

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

40

2.3

3.6

dAlthough vanadium in food has not been shown to cause adverse effects in humans, there is no justification for adding vanadium to food, and vanadium supplements should be used with caution. The UL is based on adverse effects in laboratory animals, and this data could be used to set a UL for adults but not children and adolescents.

eND = Not determinable due to lack of data of adverse effects in this age group and concern with regard to lack of ability to handle excess amounts. Source of intake should be from food only to prevent high levels of intake.

SOURCES: Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride (1997); Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline (1998); Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids (2000); Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001); Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate (2005); and Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D (2011). These reports may be accessed via www.nap.edu.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement