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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options Appendix A Biographies of Committee Members and Staff David E. Liddle, Chair, is a general partner in the firm U.S. Venture Partners (USVP), a leading Silicon Valley venture capital firm that specializes in building companies from an early stage in digital communications, networking, wireless communications, semiconductors, technical software, and e-health. He retired in December 1999 after 8 years as CEO of Interval Research Corporation. During and after his education (B.S., electrical engineering, University of Michigan; Ph.D., computer science, University of Toledo, Ohio), Liddle has spent his professional career developing technologies for interaction and communication in research, development, management, and entrepreneurship. First, he spent 10 years at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center and the Xerox Information Products Group, where he was responsible for the first commercial implementation of the graphical user interface and local area networking. He then founded Metaphor Computer Systems, whose technology was adopted by IBM and the company ultimately acquired by IBM in 1991. In 1992, Liddle cofounded Interval Research Corporation with Paul Allen. During his tenure, the company formed six new companies and several joint ventures based on the research conducted at Interval. He is a consulting professor of computer science at Stanford University. He has served as a director at Sybase, Broderbund Software, Metricom, Starwave, and Ticketmaster; he is currently a director with the New York Times and numerous early-stage companies. He was honored as a distinguished alumnus from the University of Michigan and is a member of the national advisory committee at the College of Engineering of that university. He is also a member of the
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options advisory committee of the School of Engineering at Stanford University, and of the College of Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been elected a senior fellow of the Royal College of Art for his contributions to human–computer interaction. His current technology and investment interests are focused on signal processing, with an emphasis on wireless communications. Yochai Benkler is the Jack N. and Lillian R. Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School and faculty codirector of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. His research focuses on the effects of laws that regulate information production and exchange on the distribution of control over information flows, knowledge, and culture in the digital environment. His particular focus has been on the neglected role of commons-based approaches toward the management of resources in the digitally networked environment. His books include The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom (2006), which received the Don K. Price Award from the American Political Science Association for best book on science, technology, and politics; the American Sociological Association’s CITASA Book Award for an outstanding book related to the sociology of communications or information technology; the Donald McGannon Award for best book on social and ethical relevance in communications policy research; and was named best business book about the future by the magazine strategy+business. In civil society, Benkler’s work was recognized by the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Pioneer Award in 2007 and by the Public Knowledge IP3 Award in 2006. Previously, Benkler was a professor at Yale University and New York University School of Law. David Borth is an expert on wireless communications, with insight into both national security and commercial needs. He is corporate vice president and director of the Communications Research Laboratories of Motorola, Inc., a part of the company’s research arm, Motorola Labs. Borth joined Motorola in 1980 as a member of the Systems Research Laboratory in corporate research and development in Schaumburg, Illinois. As a member of that organization, he has conducted research on digital modulation techniques, adaptive digital signal processing methods applied to communication systems, and personal communication systems including both cellular and PCS systems. He has contributed to Motorola’s implementations of the GSM, TDMA (IS-54/IS-136), and CDMA (IS-95) digital cellular systems. In his current role, he manages a multinational (United States, Australia, France, Japan, United Kingdom) organization focusing on all aspects of communication systems ranging from theoretical systems studies to system and subsystem analysis and implementation
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options to integrated circuit designs. Borth received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Previously, he was a member of the technical staff of the systems division of Watkins-Johnson Company and an assistant professor in the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Borth is a member of Motorola’s Science Advisory Board Associates and has been elected a Dan Noble Fellow, Motorola’s highest honorary technical award. He has been issued 31 patents and has authored or coauthored chapters of five books in addition to 25 publications. He received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Illinois Electrical and Computer Engineering Alumni Association and was elected a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for his contributions to the design and development of wireless telecommunication systems. He is a registered professional engineer in the state of Illinois. Borth was a member of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board from 2000 to 2003. He also served on the CSTB committee that produced the report Information Technology for Counter-Terrorism: Immediate Action and Future Possibilities (2003). Robert W. Brodersen is the John R. Whinnery Distinguished Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also the coscientific director of the Berkeley Wireless Research Center, where he works on the application of integrated circuits as applied to personal communication systems, with an emphasis on wireless communications and low power design. Brodersen’s research is focused in the areas of low-power design and wireless communications and the CAD tools necessary to support these activities. He has won best paper awards for a number of journal and conference papers in the areas of integrated circuit design, CAD, and communications, including the W.G. Baker Award in 1979. In 1982 he became a fellow of the IEEE. He was corecipient of the IEEE Morris K. Liebmann Award in 1983. He received technical achievement awards from the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society in 1986, from the Signal Processing Society in 1991, and in 1999 from the ACM Special Interest Group in Mobile Computing. Brodersen was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1988. In 1996, he received the IEEE Solid State Circuits Award. Brodersen was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Lund, Sweden, in 1999, and in 2000 he received the Millennium Award from the Circuits and Systems Society and the Golden Jubilee Award from the IEEE. In 2001 he was awarded the Lewis Winner Award for outstanding paper at the IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. He has served on the editorial board or as a reviewer for numerous scholarly journals and publications including the IEEE Jour-
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options nal of Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, and Wireless Personal Communications (Kluwer Press). He is the author or coauthor of more than 60 journal publications and 120 published conference papers and is the author, coauthor, editor, or contributor to 14 books, including An Anatomy of a Silicon Compiler (1992, Kluwer Academic Publishers) and Low Power Digital CMOS Design (1995, Kluwer Academic Publishers). He received a Ph.D. degree in engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1972. David D. Clark graduated from Swarthmore College in 1966 and received his Ph.D. from MIT in 1973. He has worked since then at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, where he is currently a senior research scientist in charge of the Advanced Network Architecture Group. Clark’s research interests include networks, network protocols, operating systems, distributed systems, and computer and communications security. After receiving his Ph.D., he worked on the early stages of the ARPANET and on the development of token ring local area network technology. Since the mid-1970s, Clark has been involved in the development of the Internet. From 1981 to 1989, he acted as chief protocol architect in this development and chaired the Internet Activities Board. His current research area is protocols and architectures for very large, very high speed networks. Specific activities include extensions to the Internet to support real-time traffic, explicit allocation of service, pricing, and new network technologies. In the security area, Clark participated in the early development of the multilevel secure multics operating system. He developed an information security model that stresses integrity of data rather than disclosure control. Clark is a fellow of the ACM and the IEEE and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received the ACM SIGCOMM Award and the IEEE Award in International Communications, as well as the IEEE Hamming Award for his work on the Internet. He is a consultant to a number of companies and serves on a number of technical advisory boards. He chaired the committee that produced the CSTB report Computers at Risk: Safe Computing in the Information Age and served on several committees that produced several CSTB reports. Thomas (Ted) Darcie received his Ph.D. degree in aerospace physics from the University of Toronto in 1982. Currently, he is a professor at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, holding a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Optical Systems for Communications, Imaging and Sensing. Previously he worked at AT&T Bell Laboratories at Crawford Hill, Holmdel, New Jersey, where he joined the technical staff to study a wide variety of topics related to lightwave telecommunications, including fiber fabrication processes, semiconductor lasers, optical amplifiers, and
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options numerous modulation and multiplexing techniques. He has been a lead figure in the development of lightwave systems for analog applications in cable television and wireless systems. As head of access communications research at AT&T Bell Laboratories (1989-1995), he was responsible for technology innovation in wireless, lightwave, and hybrid fiber-coax systems. He has authored more than a hundred technical publications and 25 patents spanning this broad set of technologies. From 1995 to 2002, he was vice president at AT&T Laboratories, in charge of communications infrastructure research. His research laboratory provided technology support for AT&T’s diverse requirements in optical networking, broadband access, fixed wireless access, wireless LAN, and cellular systems. His team worked closely with AT&T businesses to provide technical expertise and vision and had numerous programs devoted to the evolution of mobile and broadband services, applications, and technologies. In 2002 and 2003, he was vice president for AT&T Labs Research network architecture and strategic operations planning vice president, with responsibility for connecting innovative network technologies with opportunities within AT&T’s network. Darcie is an AT&T fellow and a fellow of the IEEE. Dale N. Hatfield is an independent consultant and adjunct professor in the Department of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Between December 2000 and April 2002, Hatfield served as chair of the department. Prior to joining the University of Colorado, he was the chief of the Office of Engineering and Technology at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and immediately before that was chief technologist at the agency. Before joining the Commission in December 1997, he was CEO of Hatfield Associates, Inc., a multidisciplinary telecommunications consulting firm in Boulder, Colorado, for 15 years. Before that, he was deputy assistant secretary of commerce for communications and information and deputy administrator of the NTIA. Before moving to the NTIA, Hatfield was chief of the Office of Plans and Policy at the FCC. In 1973 he received a Department of Commerce Silver Medal for contributions to domestic communications satellite policy and in 1999 received the Attorney General’s Distinguished Service Award. In 2000, he received the Personal Communications Industry Association (PCIA) Foundation’s Eugene C. Bowler Award for exceptional professionalism and dedication in government service and the FCC’s Gold Medal Award for distinguished service. More recently, he received the distinguished engineer award from the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is a fellow of the Radio Club of America. In February 2001, the Federal Trade Commission appointed Hatfield as a monitor trustee for the AOL/Time Warner merger. He also serves on the board of directors of Crown Castle International and KBDI TV-12 Public Television in Denver. Hatfield
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from Case Institute of Technology and an M.S. in industrial management from Purdue University. Michael L. Katz is the Edward J. and Mollie Arnold Professor of Business Administration of the Haas Economic Analysis and Policy Group and director of the Center for Telecommunications and Digital Convergence at the University of California, Berkeley. In 2001 and 2002, he was deputy assistant attorney general for economic analysis in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice. From 1994 to 1996, he was chief economist at the Federal Communications Commission. He is coeditor of the California Management Review and Journal of Economics and Management Strategy. He is a former member of the CSTB of the National Research Council. He received his Ph.D in economics from Oxford University. Paul J. Kolodzy is currently a technology consultant in advanced wireless and networking technology, drawing on 20 years of experience in technology development for advanced communications, networking, electronic warfare, and spectrum policy for government, commercial, and academic clients. Before becoming a consultant, Kolodzy was the director of the Wireless Network Security Center (WiNSeC), a research facility at Stevens Institute of Technology that draws on wide-ranging expertise to design, develop, and evaluate technology for the secure transmission of voice, video, and data. Previously, Kolodzy had been appointed as the chair of the FCC’s Spectrum Policy Task Force, which was charged with examining spectrum allocation processes and other issues so that spectrum could be put to the best use in a timely manner. Before joining the FCC, Kolodzy served as a program manager within the Advanced Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) at the Department of Defense. At DARPA, he oversaw the initiation of next-generation communications technology, which included the neXt Generation (XG) Communications initiative. The XG project developed technology that has the potential to fundamentally change the manner in which spectrum is allocated and assigned. Kolodzy has also held positions at MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory and Lockheed Martin Corporation in the development and management of advanced signal processing, RF, and EO systems. Kolodzy received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Purdue University and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Case Western Reserve University. Larry Larson is a professor of electrical and computer engineering and director of the Center for Wireless Communications at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). His research ranges from electronic circuits and systems to electronic devices and materials. Larson develops
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options high-speed circuits based on InP (indium-phosphide) and GaAs (gallium arsenide) as well as silicon germanium and CMOS technology. He also explores applications for micromachining technology in the manufacture of high-speed integrated circuits and studies new packaging technology for them. Larson’s current research is specifically focused on low-power circuit design and RF design techniques for wireless communications. He recently completed CDMA Mobile Radio Design, a book on how to design the hardware and software for wireless handsets based on code-division multiple access technology. CDMA is the foundation of all 3G wireless technologies, including Europe’s W-CDMA standard and CDMA2000. As director of the industry-sponsored Center for Wireless Communications (CWC) at UCSD, he oversees a wide range of ongoing research projects, with funding from CWC’s 17 corporate members. He is the first holder of the communications-industry-endowed chair at the Jacobs School. He joined the UCSD faculty in 1996 after a 16-year career at Hughes Research Laboratories. There, he pioneered the development of analog integrated circuits and low-noise high-electron-mobility transistors in III-V technology, as well as microwave integrated circuits in SiGe HBT technology and RF MEMS technology. Larson received a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1986. He is an IEEE fellow and co-winner of the 1996 Hughes Electronics Lawrence Hyland Patent Award and the 1999 IBM Microelectronics Excellence Award. David P. Reed is a senior vice president in the chief scientist group at SAP Labs and an adjunct professor at the MIT Media Laboratory. He was previously a fellow at HP Labs. Reed’s work focuses on using digital technology to transform the design of technological, business, and social systems. His explorations center on exploiting new information technologies that enable people to be more effective, including mobile computing; highly scalable wireless networking; group information sharing; pervasive networking; video media processing; and infrastructures for electronic commerce. Reed spent 4 years at Interval Research Corporation exploring portable and consumer media technology. For 7 years before joining Interval, Reed was vice president and chief scientist for Lotus Development Corporation, where he led the design and implementation of key products, including 1-2-3, and technical business strategy. Reed was also a professor in MIT’s Laboratory for Computer Science. He is coinventor of the end-to-end argument, often called the fundamental architectural principle of the Internet. He holds a B.S. in electrical engineering and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science and engineering from MIT. Gregory Rosston is the deputy director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. His research focuses on industrial organization,
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options antitrust, and regulation. He has written numerous articles on competition in local telecommunications, implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, and auctions and spectrum policy. He has also co-edited two books, including Interconnection and the Internet: Selected Papers from the 1996 Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Before joining Stanford University, Rosston served as deputy chief economist of the FCC, where he helped to implement the Telecommunications Act. In this work, he helped to design and write the rules that the FCC adopted as a framework to encourage efficient competition in telecommunications markets. He also helped with the design and implementation of the FCC’s spectrum auctions. Rosston received his Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University and his A.B. in economics with honors from the University of California, Berkeley. David Skellern is CEO of National ICT Austrialia (NICTA). Skellern began his career in 1974 at the University of Sydney, where he spent a decade designing, building, and commissioning instrumentation and extensions for the Fleurs Synthesis Radiotelescope, one of Australia’s pioneering giant radiotelescopes. From 1983 to 1989 he held various academic appointments as a staff member of Sydney University’s Electrical Engineering Department. In 1989, Skellern took up the chair of electronics at Macquarie University. He also spent considerable time working in industry as a visiting researcher, including more than 2 years at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. In 1997 he cofounded the Radiata group of companies in Australia and the United States, established to commercialize the results of the WLAN research project that he led at Macquarie University in collaboration with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. Over the next 3 years he played an integral role in building a successful company with a team of 65. In September 2000 Radiata demonstrated the world’s first chip-set implementation of the 54 Mbps IEEE 802.11a, a high-speed WLAN standard. Radiata was acquired by Cisco Systems, Inc., in 2001 for 565 million Australian dollars, at which time Skellern joined Cisco and subsequently moved to the United States as technology director of the Wireless Networking Business Unit. Skellern was appointed to the NICTA board in 2003. He received a B.Sc. (computer science and mathematics) in 1972, a B.E. (electrical engineering) in 1974, and a Ph.D. in 1985 from the University of Sydney. Staff Jon Eisenberg is director of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. At CSTB, he has been the study director for a diverse body of work, including a series of studies explor-
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Wireless Technology Prospects and Policy Options ing Internet and broadband policy and networking and communications technologies, and a study of how to use information technologies to enhance disaster management. From 1995 to 1997 he was a AAAS Science, Engineering, and Diplomacy Fellow for the U.S. Agency for International Development, where he worked on environmental management, technology transfer, and information and telecommunications policy issues. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Washington in 1996 and a B.S. in physics with honors from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst in 1988.