context in HIV transmission among African Americans, and HIV testing, seropositivity, and access to medical services among North Carolina prisoners. Recently, Dr. Schoenbach was Co-PI of an NIH-funded multilevel analysis of concurrent sexual partnering (PI: Dr. Adaora Adimora). In addition to research, Dr. Schoenbach has had a long-standing commitment to increasing diversity among public health researchers and practitioners. Dr. Schoenbach received his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. He also holds an M.S.P.H. in health education from UNC and an M.Sc. in economics from the London School of Economics.

Martin F. Shapiro, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., is a Professor in the Departments of Medicine and Health Services and Chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Dr. Shapiro’s scholarship has focused on the general theme of assuring that medical care is applied equitably and appropriately to the population and on health services research in the area of HIV disease. He was the PI on the HIV Costs and Services Utilization Study, a national study of AIDS costs and AIDS patients’ access to and quality of care. He was President of the Society of General Internal Medicine from 2002 to 2003 and is an elected member of the American Society of Clinical Investigation and of the Association of American Physicians. In 1988, Dr. Shapiro established the Primary Care Research Fellowship Program at UCLA, which he directed until 2003. Dr. Shapiro served on the IOM Committee on Public Financing and Delivery of HIV Care, as well as the Committee on the Responsible Conduct of Research. Dr. Shapiro earned his M.D. at McGill University in Montreal. He completed his residency at Royal Victoria Hospital in Montreal and at UCLA, where he also earned a master of public health degree and a Ph.D. in history, the latter focusing on health care services in Portuguese Africa.

Liza Solomon, Dr.P.H., M.H.S., is a noted HIV/AIDS public policy leader and the former Director of the Maryland State AIDS Administration. Dr. Solomon is currently a principal associate in the Domestic Health Division at Abt Associates. Dr. Solomon has over three decades of public health experience in areas such as epidemiology, women’s health, and head and extremity injury and trauma. At Abt Associates, Dr. Solomon plays a senior role in developing, managing, and evaluating HIV/AIDS programs on behalf of clients such as the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Health Resources and Service Administration. Dr. Solomon served for nine years as director of the AIDS Administration at the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, where she had responsibility for managing statewide HIV activities including over-



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