BOX 5-6

Reporting Funding and Conflict of Interest: Selected Examples

Source of Funding

“PRISMA was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research; Universita’ di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy; Cancer Research UK; Clinical Evidence BMJ Knowledge; the Cochrane Collaboration; and GlaxoSmithKline, Canada. AL is funded, in part, through grants of the Italian Ministry of University (COFIN–PRIN 2002 prot. 2002061749 and COFIN–PRIN 2006 prot. 2006062298). DGA is funded by Cancer Research UK. DM is funded by a University of Ottawa Research Chair.”

Role of Funders

“None of the sponsors had any involvement in the planning, execution, or write-up of the PRISMA documents. Additionally, no funder played a role in drafting the manuscript.”

Potential Conflicts of Interest

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.”

SOURCE: Moher et al. (2009).


Provide a public comment period for the report and publicly report on disposition of comments


SR final reports should be critically reviewed by peer reviewers to ensure accuracy and clarity and to identify any potential methodological flaws (e.g., overlooked studies, methodological errors). The original protocol for the SR (including any amendments) should be made available to the peer reviewers. A small body of empirical evidence suggests that the peer review process improves the quality of published research by making the manuscripts more readable and improving the comprehensiveness of reporting (Goodman et al., 1994; Jefferson et al., 2002; Weller, 2002). In addition, the critical assessment of manuscripts by peer reviewers is an essential part of the scientific process (ICMJE, 2010). Journals rely on the peer review process to establish when a study is suitable for publication and to improve the quality of reporting and compliance with reporting guidelines (ICMJE, 2010). Some version of peer review is recom-

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