TABLE G-1 Comparison of Chapter 5 Guidance on Conducting Systematic Reviews (SRs) of Comparative Effectiveness Research

Standards and Elements

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Effective Health Care Program

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD)

The Cochrane Collaboration

5.1 Prepare the final report using a structured format

Use a structured format that adheres to the Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) style guide. Report must meet Section 508 requirements for users with disabilities.

Quality of Reporting of Metaanalyses (QUORUM)/Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) are useful guides for all authors of systematic review reports. (NOTE: The next edition of the guidance will recommend adhering to PRISMA.) Commissioning bodies and journals usually have specific requirements regarding presentation and layout of the review.

Cochrane reviews all have the same format, which is facilitated by RevMan.

Cochrane has endorsed PRISMA, and it will be incorporated into the next version of the Cochrane handbook.

5.1.1 Include a report title




5.1.2 Include an abstract


Include a structured abstract for reviews published as journal articles.

Required. All full reviews must include an abstract of 400 words or fewer. The abstract should primarily target healthcare decision makers.

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