BRUNO SÁNCHEZ-ANDRADE NUÑO was a National Academies Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow for the SSB. Dr. Sánchez is currently the director of science and technology at the Global Adaptation Institute (GAIN), where he is responsible for model development, data mining, methodological development, and visualization techniques to support the GAIN Index. He previously worked for 2 years as a space and rocket scientist at NRL. His work has focused on solar data analysis and project planning for NASA rockets and satellites. He was also on the faculty of George Mason University. In 2008, Dr. Sánchez obtained his Ph.D. in astrophysics at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany.

HEATHER D. SMITH was a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow for the SSB. Dr. Smith is currently a Planetary Science Division management postdoctoral fellow at NASA Headquarters. Her research area is astrobiology instrumentation and life in extreme environments, in particular microbial physical habitats. Dr. Smith completed her doctorate in biological engineering at Utah State University, where her dissertation was on the design of a native fluorescence life detection instrument for soils. Prior to this, she earned a master of science in space studies from International Space University analyzing the flight checkout data for the Surface Science Package on board the Huygens probe, worked for several years at NASA Ames Research Center as a research assistant for the SETI Institute, earned an undergraduate degree in physics from Evergreen State College, and earned a bachelor’s degree in psychology from the University of North Texas.

MICHAEL H. MOLONEY is the director of the SSB and the ASEB at the NRC. Since joining the NRC in 2001, Dr. Moloney has served as a study director at the National Materials Advisory Board, BPA, the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, and the Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies. Before joining the SSB and ASEB in April 2010, he was associate director of the BPA and study director for the Astro2010 decadal survey for astronomy and astrophysics. In addition to his professional experience at the NRC, Dr. Moloney has more than 7 years’ experience as a foreign-service officer for the Irish government and served in that capacity at the Embassy of Ireland in Washington, D.C., the Mission of Ireland to the United Nations in New York, and the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin, Ireland. A physicist, Dr. Moloney did his graduate Ph.D. work at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland. He received his undergraduate degree in experimental physics at University College Dublin, where he was awarded the Nevin Medal for Physics.



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