RFI Response Number   First Author   Response Title   Summary Description


5   Bailey, Scott M., et al.   A Mission to Study the Coupling of Atmospheric Regions by Precipitating Energetic Particles   Proposes a mission to understand the atmospheric response to energetic particles, specifically the coupling of atmospheric regions, as the particle energy is redistributed via dynamical, chemical, and radiative processes.
6   Baker, Joseph B.H., et al.   The Importance of Distributed Measurements of the Ionospheric Electric Field for Advancement of Geospace System Science and Improved Space Weather Situational Awareness   Explains the value of networks of ionospheric radars to the space physics community because they provide spatially distributed electric field measurements and should be further developed.
7   Bala, Ramkumar   Space Weather Forecasting through Association   Advocates for stronger community participation.
8   Balch, Christopher C.   The Next Step in Heliospheric Modeling—Increasing the Interplanetary Observing Network   Proposes an enhanced interplanetary observing network consisting of up to 1,000 CubeSats and recommends use of known technologies and modeling techniques to make order of magnitude improvements in the accuracy of physics-based models for the solar wind and interplanetary coronal mass ejections (CMEs).
9   Bandler, Simon R., et al.   High Spectral Resolution, High Cadence, Imaging X-ray Microcalorimeters for Solar Physics   Describes a solar-optimized X-ray microcalorimeter that provides high-resolution spectra at arcsecond scales to enable a wide range of studies, such as the detection of microheating in active regions, ion-resolved velocity flows, and the presence of non-thermal electrons in hot plasmas.
10   Bellan, Paul M.   Using Laboratory Experiments to Study Solar Corona Physics   Recommends that the next decade of heliospheric research include advanced laboratory plasma experiments designed to tackle specific, outstanding coronal issues.
11   Bernasconi, Pietro N., and N.-E. Raouafi   Solar Magnetized Regions Tomograph (SMART) Mission   Presents a mission to map the solar vector magnetic fields at high spatial resolution at several heights in the solar atmosphere from the photosphere to the chromosphere across the magnetic transition region.
12   Bhattacharjee, Amitava, et al.   Advanced Computational Capabilities for Exploration in Heliophysical Science (ACCEHS)—A Virtual Space Mission   Recommends that NASA, perhaps in partnership with National Science Foundation (NSF) and other agencies, lead by establishing a new peer-reviewed program in which critical-mass groups of heliophysicists, computational scientists, and applied mathematicians are brought together to address transformational science quests.
13   Bishop, Rebecca L., et al.   Understanding Tropospheric Influences on the Mesosphere/Thermosphere/ Ionosphere Region   Presents specific science goals and observational platforms required to perform investigations into tropospheric and thermospheric/ ionospheric coupling.
14   Bishop, Rebecca L., and J. Roeder   The International Space Station: Platform for Future Upper Atmospheric Investigations   Presents potential upper atmospheric investigations, sensors, and customers utilizing the International Space Station.

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