San Francisco (UCSF). Her areas of interest include documenting and understanding socioeconomic and racial or ethnic disparities in health, particularly in maternal and infant health, and translating research into information to inform policies to reduce health disparities. Dr. Braveman also focuses on methodological and conceptual issues in studying socioeconomic and racial or ethnic inequalities in health in the United States and internationally, particularly the development of measures of experiences of racial discrimination for use in studies of adverse birth outcomes among African American women in the United States, the measurement of socioeconomic factors in U.S. health research, and the concept and measurement of health inequalities in the United States and internationally. During the 1990s, she worked with World Health Organization staff in Geneva to develop and implement a global initiative on equity in health and health care. Throughout her career, Dr. Braveman has collaborated with local, state, federal, and international health agencies to see research translated into practice, with the goal of achieving greater equity in health. She is an elected member of the IOM. She received an M.D. from UCSF and an M.P.H. in epidemiology from the University of California, Berkeley.

Claire D. Brindis, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., is director of the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and a professor in the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine, and the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences at UCSF. She is also executive director of the National Adolescent Health Information and Innovation Center and associate director of the Public Policy Analysis and Education Center for Middle Childhood, Adolescent and Young Adult Health, all at UCSF. Dr. Brindis’s research interests focus on health disparities and access to health for children, adolescents, and young adults; analyses of child and adolescent health policy; and women’s health. She serves as a frequent policy advisor to federal, state, and local policy makers and private foundations. Her writings, publications, and personal consultation in the field of adolescent pregnancy prevention have been extensively utilized in the planning and implementation of various state and federal initiatives. Dr. Brindis has served as chair of the population, reproductive health, and family planning section of the American Public Health Association and participated on the steering committee of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) National Health Objectives for the Year 2010. Currently, she serves on the Steering Committee for the National Initiative to Improve Adolescent and Young Adult Health, co-led by the federal Office of Adolescent Health, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, and the Division of Adolescent and School Health, CDC, as well as 30 national organizations. She also is a member of the national advisory committee for the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Young Adult Pregnancy’s National Advisory

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