worked at the CDC for 27 years and has extensive public health experience in the fields of birth defects, developmental disabilities, and child health. He first joined the CDC as an Epidemiologic Intelligence Service officer within the Birth Defects Branch. In 1994, he was appointed deputy director of the National Immunization Program, one of the nation’s most successful public health programs. Within a few years of being named the first director of the NCBDDD, it became a leading international institution devoted to research and prevention of birth defects and developmental disabilities. Dr. Cordero is also a former president of the Teratology Society, a professional research society devoted to the prevention of birth defects, where he promoted the eradication of rubella. His work has been published in many national and international journals. He obtained his medical degree from the University of Puerto Rico and his master’s degree in public health from Harvard University.

Claude Earl Fox, M.D., M.P.H., is professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, and the founding director of the Florida Public Health Institute. He was previously the first permanent director of the Johns Hopkins Urban Health Institute and professor of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, with joint academic appointments in the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing and School of Medicine. Prior to that, he served as the administrator of the federal Health Resources and Services Administration, overseeing the Ryan White HIV/AIDS program, the Office of Rural Health Policy, and all federally funded community health centers, transplant programs, and health professions training programs. While at HRSA, Dr. Fox made oral health an agency priority and also cochaired development and implementation of the Children’s Health Insurance Program. From 1995 to 1997, he was deputy assistant secretary for health in the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the Department of Health and Human Services. Before that, he served as HHS regional health administrator in Philadelphia, overseeing federal health and human programs in five states and the District of Columbia. He was Alabama’s state health officer from 1986 to 1992 and Mississippi’s deputy state health officer from 1983 to 1986. He has also served as president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. He earned his medical degree from the University of Mississippi and his master’s degree in public health from the University of North Carolina.

Terry Fulmer, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, is Erline Perkins McGriff Professor, dean of the College of Nursing, and adjunct professor of medicine at the School of Medicine at New York University. She received her bachelor’s degree from Skidmore College, her master’s and doctoral degrees from Boston College,



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