Academy of Sciences and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Chris Beyrer, M.D., M.P.H., is Professor of Epidemiology, International Health and Health, Behavior and Society at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He directs the Johns Hopkins Fogarty AIDS International Training and Research Program, which provides research training in HIV/AIDS for providers from Africa, Asia, and the Commonwealth of Independent States. He is the Founder and Director of the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at Hopkins, which is engaged in research, teaching, and policy work on public health and human rights issues. Dr. Beyrer received his M.D. from the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York, and did his public health and infectious diseases training at Johns Hopkins. In 2008 Dr. Beyrer was elected to the Governing Council of the International AIDS Society as a representative for North America. He currently has research and/or training activities under way in Thailand, Burma, China, India, Vietnam, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Malawi, and South Africa.

Shing Chang, Ph.D., is the Research and Development Director at DNDi (Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative, a Geneva-based nonprofit organization devoted to the research and development of drugs for neglected tropical diseases). In this position he has the overall responsibility of building DNDi’s project portfolio and advancing the discovery and development of new treatments for neglected diseases.

Prior to joining DNDi in October 2007, Dr. Chang was Senior Vice President of Drug Discovery and Chief Scientific Officer at ICOS Corporation in Seattle. From 1991 to 2006, Dr. Chang held various management positions at Abbott Laboratories in diagnostics and pharmaceutical research, including the post of Divisional Vice President, Infectious Disease Research. From 1978 to 1991, Dr. Chang held various positions at Cetus Corporation, including Vice President of Preclinical and Development. He earned his Ph.D. degree in molecular biology and biochemistry from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and received his postdoctoral training at the University of Wisconsin and Stanford University.

Ezekiel J. Emanuel, M.D., Ph.D., Chair of the Clinical Center Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health, is currently serving as a Special Advisor on Health Policy to the Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB). He is also a breast oncologist and author.

For the past decade, Dr. Emanuel has worked on global health issues, especially related to malaria and HIV/AIDS. He has trained researchers in developing countries on the ethics of clinical research and conducted numerous studies of ethical issues related to research in developing countries. In his role at OMB,

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