TABLE 4 Pollutants and Associated Health Conditions

Health Concern

Pollutant and AQI Category

Ozone

Particle Pollution

Sulfur Dioxide

Carbon Monoxide

Any Pollutant

Code

Orange

Code

Orange

Code

Orange

Code

Orange

Code

Red

Asthma or other lung disease

X

X

X

 

X

Heart disease

 

X

 

X

X

Children (with no specific health concern)

X

X

 

 

X

Older adults (with no specific health concern)

X

X

 

 

X

Active outdoors (with no specific health concern)

X

 

X

 

X

General population (with no specific health concern)

 

 

 

 

X

SOURCE: EPA, 2010.

people, asthmatics, and those with chronic obstructive airway diseases are more sensitive to ozone exposure.” Halonen and colleagues (2010) found that there was a positive association between ozone and hospital admissions for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in elderly people. Consistent associations were also found between ozone and asthma emergency room visits in children. In a study by Marshall and colleagues, results “suggest that for nitrogen oxide and other primary pollutants, low-income and nonwhite populations face a disproportionate share of the burden of urban air pollution.”

The draft National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy released by HHS has as one of its cross-cutting strategic directions the area of Healthy Physical, Social, and Economic Environments. Within that area, there is an objective to reduce physical, chemical, biological, and radiological contamination of water, land, and air (indoor and outdoor). The committee believes this is extremely important and would have liked to have been able to include an objective more specifically aimed at these



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