Vaupel, J.W., Carey, J.R., Christensen, K., Johnson, T.E., Yashin, A.I., Holm, N.V., Iachine, I.A., Kanisto, V., Khazaeli, A.A., Liedo, P., Longon, V.D., Zeng, Y., Manton, K.G., and Curtsinger, J.W. (1998). Biodemographic trajectories of longevity. Science, 280(5365), 855–860.
Verdecchia, A., Francisci, S., Brenner, H., Gatta, G., Micheli, A., Mangone, L., and Kunkler, I. (2007). Recent cancer survival in Europe: A 2000–02 period analysis of EUROCARE-4 data. Lancet Oncology, 8(9), 784–796.
Vrablik, M., Fait, T., Kovar, J., Poledne, R., and Ceska, R. (2008). Oral but not transdermal estrogen replacement therapy changes the composition of plasma lipoproteins. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 57(8), 1088–1092.
Waldron, H. (2007). Trends in mortality differentials and life expectancy for male Social Security-covered workers, by socioeconomic status. Social Security Bulletin, 67(3), 1–28.
Wang, H., and Preston, S.H. (2009). Forecasting United States mortality using cohort smoking histories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(2), 393–398.
Wang, Y.R., Alexander, G.C., and Stafford, R.S. (2007). Outpatient hypertension treatment, treatment intensification, and control in Western Europe and the United States. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167(2), 141–147.
Warren, T.Y., Barry, V., Hooker, S.P., Sui, X., Church, T.S., and Blair, S.N. (2010). Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42(5), 879–885.
Westerterp, K.R. (2009). Assessment of physical activity: A critical appraisal. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 105(6), 823–828.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1994). The epidemiological transition: From material scarcity to social disadvantage? Daedalus, 123(4), 61–77.
Wilkinson, R.G., and Pickett, K.E. (2009). Income inequality and social dysfunction. Annual Review of Sociology, 35, 493–511.
Williams, D., and Collins, C. (1995). U.S. socioeconomic and racial differences in health: Patterns and explanations. Annual Review of Sociology, 21, 349–386.
Wilmoth, J., Boe, C., and Barbieri, M. (2010). Geographic differences in life expectancy at age 50 in the United States compared with other high-income countries. In National Research Council, International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources (pp. 333–366). E.M. Crimmins, S.H. Preston, and B. Cohen (Eds.), Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries. Committee on Population. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Wilper, A.P., Woolhandler, S., Lasser, K.E., McCormick, D., Bor, D.H., and Himmelstein, D.U. (2009). Health insurance and mortality in U.S. adults. American Journal of Public Health, 99(12), 2289–2295.
Wolf, D.A. (1995). Changes in the living arrangements of older women: An international study. The Gerontologist, 35(6), 724–731.
Wolf, E.N. (1996). International comparisons of wealth inequalities. Review of Income and Wealth, 42(4), 433–451.
Wolf-Maier, K., Cooper, R.S., Kramer, H., Banegas, J.R., Giampaoli, S., Joffres, M.R., Poulter, N., Primastesta, P., Stegmayr, B., and Thamm, M. (2004). Hypertension treatment and control in five European countries, Canada, and the United States. Hypertension, 43(1), 10–17.
Wolfson, M., Rowe, G., Gentleman, J.F., and Tomiak, M. (1993). Career earnings and death: A longitudinal analysis of older Canadian men. Journal of Gerontology, 48(4), S167–S179.
Women’s Health Initiative Steering Committee. (2004). Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: The Women’s Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 291, 1701–1712.