groups and helped develop many international collaborative research projects. He also assisted with the psychological screening of federal air marshals during their post-9/11 hiring increase. He was the Office of Aviation Medicine Manager of the Year in 2005 and led his division to become the OAM Office of the Year in 1999 and 2005. He is past president of the Oklahoma Psychological Association, the APA Division of Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology, and the Aerospace Medical Association, and was a division representative to the APA Council for three years. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Oklahoma.

Toby Warden (Study Director) is a program officer with the Board on Human-Systems Integration of the National Research Council (NRC). Previously, she worked as a program officer with the NRC’s Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate of serving as study director for the projects that published Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts Over Decades to Millennia and When Weather Matters: Science and Service to Meet Critical Societal Needs. She has nearly a decade’s worth of experience as a program manager and community organizer in the fields of public health and youth advocacy in Boston, Massachusetts. Her doctoral research applied quantitative and qualitative methodologies to examine the rise of the U.S. Mayors Climate Protection Agreement. She has a B.A. in history from the University of California at Irvine, where she graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, and she has a Ph.D. in social ecology with an emphasis on environmental analysis and design, also from the University of California at Irvine.

J. Frank Yates is an Arthur F. Thurnau professor, a professor of psychology, and a professor of marketing and business administration at the University of Michigan and a principal in the Psychology Department’s Judgment and Decision Laboratory. He is also the coordinator of the Decision Consortium, which is a University of Michigan-wide association of faculty and students whose scholarship includes significant decision-making elements. The main focus of his research is on decision making, at both the theoretical and practical levels. That work has emphasized understanding how people decide in the challenging conditions of real life and developing means of assisting them to decide better in those circumstances. He is a past president of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and is active in a variety of other efforts that are intended to advance decision scholarship, including efforts involving scholarly journals. He has been an active member of many government and other organizations, including the advisory panel of the National Science Foundation’s Decision, Risk, and Management Science Program. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.



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