in New York Post letter, 96, 105, 121–22

whole genome assembly of B. subtilis isolate, 170–71

B. subtilis screening, 171–72

bacterial growth conditions and processing methods, features of, 87–89

bioterrorism investigations, 53, 54

Blanco, Ernesto, 26

blood agar, 89, 113, 167

Brokaw, Tom, 26

C

carbon-14 (14C) dating, 165–66. See also radiocarbon dating

Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS), 90

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 126

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Sciences Unit/ Chemical Biological Science Unit (CBSU), 71

chemical analysis

committee findings, 93–96

methods for, 81, 81t

See also specific topics

Chemistry Unit, FBI Laboratory, 165

Committee on Review of the Scientific Approaches Used During the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Bacillus anthracis Mailings

biographical information on, 193–204

charge to, 27

committee process, 33–35

findings, 4–23t, 70–74, 121–23

formation, xi

recommendations, 10, 70–74

See also specific topics

cross contamination. See under Amerithrax investigations

D

Daschle, Tom, letter received by, 26, 28t, 30–31, 58–59t, 68, 79–80, 82, 87, 113–22. See also specific topics

“deep sequencing,” 101, 150

Defence Research Establishment Suffield (DRES), 69

Department of Justice (DOJ)

Amerithrax Investigative Summary, 93, 147

scientific conclusions, 11–23t, 32–33

diatrizoate, 38

detection of, 77, 87–89, 96

dilution experiments, 188–89

DNA, 8, 102

Dugway Proving Ground (DPG), 78, 95–96, 168–69

E

edema factor (EF), 39

Ekaterinburg. See Sverdlovsk outbreak

envelope measurements, 92–93

enzymes produced by B. anthracis

F

FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation), 9

documents provided by, 161–79

declassified reports, 177

scientific conclusions and committee findings, 4–23t, 32–33

scientific investigations, 31–32 (see also Amerithrax investigations)

See also specific topics

FBI hazardous materials (HAZMAT) teams, 64, 68

FBI Repository (FBIR), 32

creation of, 126–30

FBI Repository (FBIR) samples

comparison of material in letters with, 125–26

analyses based on resampling RMR-1029 and interpretation of results, 140–44

committee findings, 144–51

See also specific topics

statistical interpretation of the evidence and analyses of, 132–34

G

genetic engineering, 100, 102–4, 163

genetic markers in New York Post letter (powder), 115t, 116–22, 148–49



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