TABLE 4.1 Waste Form Processing Technologies

Processing Technology Processing Mode B=Batch C=Continuous Treatment and Waste Stream Scalea Waste Forms Produced
Joule-Heated, Melter (JHM) C Large Borosilicate glass other glass types (LaBs, FeP, AIP, chalcognide, and others)
 
Advanced Joule Heated Melter (AJHM) C Large Borosilicate glass, glass-ceramic materials, other glass types (LaBs, FeP, AIP, chalcognide, and others)
 
Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM) C Large Borosilicate glass, glass-ceramic materials, other glass types (LaBs, FeP, AIP, chalcognide, and others), crystalline ceramics/simple oxides, metal matrix
 
In-Container Vitrification (ICV) (also known as bulk vitrification) B Depends on container size (could be medium to large) Borosilicate glass, glass-ceramic materials, other glasses (LaBs, FeP, AIP, chalcognide, and others)
 
Cold Press and Sinter B Small Glass-ceramic materials, crystalline ceramic/simple oxides, metal matrix, zeolites, hydroceramics
 
Self-Sustaining Vitrification (SSV) B Small Glass-ceramic materials
 
Hot Uniaxial Pressing (HUP) B Small Glass-ceramic materials, crystalline ceramics/simple oxides, metal matrix, zeolites, hydroceramics
 
Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) B Small Borosilicate glass (lab demonstration only), glass-ceramic materials, crystalline ceramics/simple oxides, metal matrix, zeolites, hydroceramics


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