What intervention strategies seem most promising to reduce food insecurity and obesity? What are the key target populations and why?
In the reauthorization of the Farm Bill, deemphasize corn, soy, and wheat and emphasize fruits and vegetables.
Reform nutrition education to have a more hands-on approach, as in home economics classes.
Reconsider inconsistent U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) policy (for example, USDA recommends limiting fats but also helped Dominos to reformulate pizza with twice as much cheese).
Create a more healthful school foods environment (for example, by removing vending machines and providing more healthful foods at parties).
Monitor the proximity of food vendors and the quality of food available near schools.
Promote and support farmers’ markets.
Reduce marketing to children.
Focus interventions on specific subpopulations, including minority women, groups with the lowest incomes, rural populations, and areas of concentrated urban poverty.
Tailor approaches to the specific geographic, cultural, and economic context.
Provide point-of-contact interventions—a “one stop shop” for all programs.
Conduct more public education on assistance programs and benefits, and address stigma and fears.
Partner with rather than “target” populations.
Identify and address food deserts and/or unhealthful food swamps, and increase access to healthful foods.
Include the food industry in interventions.
Reduce poverty through income transfers (such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program [SNAP]), community-based prevention funds, and other measures.
Take a comprehensive community-based approach that includes more than food in the solution.
How can we better elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the relationship between food insecurity and obesity?
Study the mechanisms that influence food choice, such as taste, cost, convenience, how filling a food is, and how people socialize over certain foods.
Ascertain why people make obesogenic food choices.