two Secretary of Energy gold medals. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Meteorological Society, and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Geophysical Union. He has served on the NRC Committees on Strategic Advice on the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and on America’s Energy Future. Dr. Patrinos received his Ph.D. in mechanical and astronautical sciences from Northwestern University.

Jerald L. Schnoor is the Allen S. Henry Chair Professor of Environmental Engineering and codirector of the Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research at the University of Iowa. Dr. Schnoor is a member of the National Academy of Engineering for his pioneering work using mathematical models in science-policy decisions. He testified several times before Congress on the environmental effects of acid deposition and the importance of passing the 1990 Clean Air Act. Dr. Schnoor chaired the Board of Scientific Counselors for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development from 2000-2004. Currently, he is one of three co-directors for the National Science Foundation Project Office on a Collaborative Large-scale Engineering Analysis Network for Environmental Research (CLEANER). As editor-in-chief of Environmental Science and Technology, Dr. Schnoor guides the journal in both environmental engineering and environmental science. His research interests are in mathematical modeling of water quality, phytoremediation, and impact of carbon emissions on global change. He conducts research on the aquatic effects modeling of acid precipitation, global change and biogeochemistry, groundwater and hazardous wastes, and exposure risk assessment modeling. Dr. Schnoor has served on several NRC committees including the Committee on Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States and the Civil Engineering Peer Committee. Dr. Schnoor received his Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of Texas.

David Schweikhardt is a professor in the Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics Department at Michigan State University. He specializes in agricultural and international trade policy. In particular, his work examines the implications of North American Free Trade Agreement and the Uruguay Round Agreement of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade on U.S. and Michigan agriculture; analysis of U.S. commodity programs; law, economics, and the analysis of changes in legal and economic institutions; political economy of agricultural and trade policy decision-making processes; legal issues in commodity checkoff programs; and labeling of genetically modified food products. Dr. Schweikhardt received a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University.

Theresa L. Selfa is assistant professor in environmental studies at the State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF). Her current research focuses on biofuel policy and attitudes. Additional research interests include food and agriculture, development, and political ecology. Prior to joining the SUNY-ESF faculty, she was assistant professor of sociology at Kansas State University. She has expertise in rural, environmental, agricultural, and development sociology, with research experience in Brazil, Philippines, Europe, and the United States. She was a postdoctoral associate in Washington State on a project examining alternative agriculture and food systems. She has worked on interdisciplinary water quality projects assessing impacts of farmers’ management behavior on water quality in an agricultural watershed in central Kansas and in Devon, England. She is the principal investigator on a study on the impacts of biofuels on rural communities in Kansas and Iowa funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and is a coprincipal investigator on research assessing farmers’ land-use decisions regarding

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