Appendix A

Symposium Program

TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY ECOSYSTEMS:
SYSTEMIC RISK AND THE PUBLIC GOOD

A National Academies Symposium
On the Science and Policy for Managing the Living World
Two Centuries after Darwin

Hosted and Cosponsored by the American Association for the
Advancement of Science
Cosponsored by DIVERSITAS

February 11-12, 2009

Introductory Remarks

Welcome and Introduction by the Session Chair

Peter Crane, John and Marion Sullivan University Professor, University of Chicago;1 Chair, U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, NAS

Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and the Global Decision Making

Harold Mooney, Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University; Chair, DIVERSITAS Science Committee

Reflections on Biodiversity and Its Future

Peter Raven, Director, Missouri Botanical Garden

Biodiversity and Global Environmental Change

Achim Steiner, Director, United Nations Environment Program [via prerecorded video]

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1 All affiliations reflect the speakers’ positions at the time of the symposium.



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Appendix A Symposium Program TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY ECOSYSTEMS: SYSTEMIC RISK AND THE PUBLIC GOOD A National Academies Symposium On the Science and Policy for Managing the Living World Two Centuries after Darwin Hosted and Cosponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science Cosponsored by DIVERSITAS February 11-12, 2009 Introductory Remarks Welcome and Introduction by the Session Chair Peter Crane, John and Marion Sullivan University Professor, University of Chicago;1 Chair, U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, NAS Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and the Global Decision Making Harold Mooney, Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University; Chair, DIVERSITAS Science Committee Reflections on Biodiversity and Its Future Peter Raven, Director, Missouri Botanical Garden Biodiversity and Global Environmental Change Achim Steiner, Director, United Nations Environment Program [via prerecorded video] All affiliations reflect the speakers’ positions at the time of the symposium. 1 49

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50 APPENDIX A SESSION 1 – Biodiversity and the Public Good Charles Darwin Meets the Biodiversity Crisis: Advice for the New Administration Michael Donoghue, Vice President and G. Evelyn Hutchinson Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University Don’t Touch Those Dials! Microbes Made This Planet Habitable for You Paul Falkowski, Board of Governors’ Professor of Marine and Geological Sciences, Rutgers University Biodiversity Implications of Rapid Evolution Andrew Hendry, Associate Professor of Biology, McGill University Questions and Discussion Bioinformatics: Inputs for the Sustainable Management of Natural Capital José Sarukhán, Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico Darwin’s Fishes: Why Should We Care About Marine Biodiversity? Mary Glackin, Deputy Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere Valuing Nature: Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity Steve Polasky, Fesler-Lampert Professor of Ecological/Environmental Economics, University of Minnesota Questions and Discussion Concluding Remarks on the Morning Session Cristián Samper, Director, National Museum for Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

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51 APPENDIX A SESSION 2 – Trade, Pests, and Pathogens in the 21st Century Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair Justin Ward, Vice President for Business Practices, Conservation International Center for Environmental Leadership in Business Trade and Invasive Species: A Global Perspective Charles Perrings, Professor of Environmental Economics, Arizona State University Trade and the Spread of Animal and Human Pathogens Ann Marie Kimball, Professor of Epidemiology and Health Services, University of Washington, and Director, Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Emerging Infections Network Risks of Invasive Species from International Trade Christopher Costello, Associate Professor, Resource Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara Questions and Discussion Control of Invasive Species in Forests Ann Bartuska, Deputy Chief, U.S. Forest Service Research and Development Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Aquatic Invasive Species David Lodge, Professor of Biology, University of Notre Dame Trading Blows: Can We Control Invasive Species Through Trade Agreements? Mark Lonsdale, Chief of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia Questions and Discussion The Color of Green: The Next Inconvenient Truth Jerome Ringo, President, the Apollo Alliance

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52 APPENDIX A SESSION 3 - Climate Change, Energy, and 21st Century Ecosystems Welcome and Introductions by the Session Chair Ann Kinzig, Associate Professor of Life Sciences, Arizona State University Preserving Biodiversity: Any Messages for Climate Policy Making? Stephen Schneider, Professor of Biology and Codirector, Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Stanford University Climate Change, Deforestation, and the Future of Tropical Forests Yadvinder Malhi, Professor of Ecosystem Science, Oxford University Center for the Environment Mountain Biota and Global Change Christian Körner, University of Basel, Switzerland Questions and Discussion Functional Diversity, Ecosystem Services, and Global Change Sandra Díaz, Senior Permanent Research Fellow, Argentine National Council of Scientific and Technical Research The Biofuel, Food, and Environment Trilemma David Tilman, Regents Professor and Distinguished McKnight University Professor, University of Minnesota [Professor Tilman was not able to attend the symposium; a summary of his talk was given by Ann Kinzig.] Last Chance: Preserving Life on Earth Larry Schweiger, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Wildlife Federation Questions and Discussion Reinventing the Global Economy to Protect Biodiversity―Trade, Infrastructure, and Carbon Bruce Babbitt, Former Secretary of the Interior

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53 APPENDIX A SESSION 4 - Food, Agriculture, and 21st Century Ecosystems Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair Thomas Lovejoy, Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment Agricultural Systems and Ecosystem Services: Trade-offs or Synergies? Alison Power, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University Biofuels and Agricultural Sustainability Philip Robertson, Professor of Ecosystem Science, Michigan State University Marine Fisheries: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Boris Worm, Assistant Professor in Marine Conservation Biology, Dalhousie University Aquaculture and Marine Resources: Can There Be a Salmon in Every Pot? Rebecca Goldburg, Director, Marine Science, Pew Environment Group, The Pew Charitable Trusts Agriculture and Agricultural Landscapes in the Twenty-first Century Rodney J. Brown, Dean, College of Biology and Agriculture, Brigham Young University Questions and Discussion

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54 APPENDIX A SESSION 5 - Biodiversity: International Institutions, Science, and Policy Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair Thomas Lovejoy, Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment International Environmental Cooperation in the Twenty-first Century Scott Barrett, Professor of Environmental Economics, Johns Hopkins University The Daily Planet—An Exploration of How, on a Fast-Changing Earth, the Shrinking Media Can Continue to Cover Environmental Change and Help Build Informed Policy Andrew Revkin, Environment Reporter, The New York Times Ten Million Places at the Table: Translating Biodiversity Issues from Science to Policy James P. Collins, Associate Director for Biological Sciences, National Science Foundation Questions and Discussion Concluding Comments on the Day: Advocacy and Policy Rodger Schlickeisen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Defenders of Wildlife Concluding Remarks and Thanks Peter Crane, John and Marion Sullivan University Professor, University of Chicago; Chair, U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, National Academy of Sciences