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Appendix D Biographies of Symposium Committee Members Sir Peter Crane is the Carl W. Knobloch Jr. Dean of the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale University, chair of the U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. His work focuses on the diversity of plant life: its origin and fossil history, current status, and conservation and use. From 1992 to 1999, he was director of the Field Museum in Chicago, with overall responsibility for the museum’s scientific programs. From 1999 to 2006, he was director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, one of the larg- est and most influential botanical gardens in the world. His tenure at Kew saw strengthening and expansion of the gardens’ scientific, conservation, and public programs. Dr. Crane was elected to the Royal Society (the U.K. academy of sciences) in 1998. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. He was knighted in the United Kingdom for services to horticulture and conservation in 2004. Dr. Crane serves on the boards of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, the Missouri Botanical Garden, the Chicago Botanic Gar- den, the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at the University of Texas, and the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation. Ann Kinzig is a professor of biology at Arizona State University. Her research focuses on urban ecology, the resilience of human-environment interactions across long timescales, and science policy. She has authored and 73
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74 APPENDIX D coauthored many publications and served on many boards. Dr. Kinzig re- ceived her Ph.D. in energy and resources from the University of California, Berkeley. Thomas E. Lovejoy is past president of the Heinz Center (2002–2008) and became the first recipient of the newly created Heinz Center Biodiversity Chair in 2008. Before joining the Heinz Center, he was the chief biodi- versity advisor to the president of the World Bank and its lead specialist for environment for Latin America and the Caribbean, and he was senior advisor to the president of the United Nations Foundation. Dr. Lovejoy has been assistant secretary and counselor to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, science advisor to the secretary of the interior, and executive vice president of the World Wildlife Fund–U.S. In 1980 he coined the term “biological diversity” and drew up the first projections of global extinction rates for the Global 2000 Report to the President. He conceived the idea for the Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems project (a joint project between the Smithsonian Institution and Brazil’s National Institute for Amazonian Research), originated the concept of debt-for-nature swaps, and is the founder of the public television series Nature. In 2001 he was awarded the prestigious Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement. Dr. Lovejoy served on science and environmental councils or committees under the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations. He received his Ph.D. in biology from Yale University. Harold Mooney is the Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biol- ogy at Stanford University and chair of the DIVERSITAS Science Com- mittee. His research interests include global change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, the role of biodiversity in ecosystem processes, and how to deal with invasive species in a global context. A leader in the global scientific community in the areas of biodiversity and climate change, Dr. Mooney has received numerous honors and awards and is a member of a small group of premier researchers. He has demonstrated that convergent evolution takes place in the properties of different ecosystems that are subject to comparable climates, and has pioneered in the study of the allocation of resources in plants. Research in his laboratory is centered on the study of the effect of enhanced carbon dioxide on ecosystem structure and function. Dr. Mooney received his Ph.D. in biological sciences from Duke University.
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75 APPENDIX D Charles Perrings is professor of environmental economics at Arizona State University (ASU). At ASU he directs (with Ann Kinzig) the ecoSERVICES Group of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The group studies the causes and consequences of change in ecosystem services—the benefits that people derive from the biophysical environment. Dr. Perrings cochairs (with Shahid Naeem) the ecoSERVICES core project of DIVERSITAS, the international program of biodiversity science. The group contributes to international research projects on issues relating to biodiversity change, conservation, and development, and it supports training in biodiversity and ecosystem services both within ASU and internationally. It runs the Biodi- versity and Ecosystem Services Training Network, a research coordination network funded by the National Science Foundation. Dr. Perrings was an editor of the Cambridge University Press journal Environment and Develop- ment Economics, and he remains on its editorial board and those of several other journals in environmental, resource, and ecological economics, and in conservation ecology. He is past president of the International Society for Ecological Economics, a society formed to bring together the insights of the ecological and economic sciences to aid understanding and manage- ment of environmental problems. He has advised various governmental, intergovernmental, and international nongovernmental organizations, as well as research-funding agencies. In Britain he served on the Royal Society’s Environment Committee, the WHAT Commission on Genetic Diversity in Food Crops and the Center for Ecology and Hydrology (Natural En- vironment Research Council) Program Review Board. Dr. Perrings has published extensively in leading journals, including the Journal of Marine Science, Ecological Modelling, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, and Ecological Economics. Dr. Perrings received his Ph.D. from the University of London.
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