coauthored many publications and served on many boards. Dr. Kinzig received her Ph.D. in energy and resources from the University of California, Berkeley.

Thomas E. Lovejoy is past president of the Heinz Center (2002–2008) and became the first recipient of the newly created Heinz Center Biodiversity Chair in 2008. Before joining the Heinz Center, he was the chief biodiversity advisor to the president of the World Bank and its lead specialist for environment for Latin America and the Caribbean, and he was senior advisor to the president of the United Nations Foundation. Dr. Lovejoy has been assistant secretary and counselor to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, science advisor to the secretary of the interior, and executive vice president of the World Wildlife Fund—U.S. In 1980 he coined the term “biological diversity” and drew up the first projections of global extinction rates for the Global 2000 Report to the President. He conceived the idea for the Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems project (a joint project between the Smithsonian Institution and Brazil’s National Institute for Amazonian Research), originated the concept of debt-for-nature swaps, and is the founder of the public television series Nature. In 2001 he was awarded the prestigious Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement. Dr. Lovejoy served on science and environmental councils or committees under the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations. He received his Ph.D. in biology from Yale University.

Harold Mooney is the Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology at Stanford University and chair of the DIVERSITAS Science Committee. His research interests include global change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, the role of biodiversity in ecosystem processes, and how to deal with invasive species in a global context. A leader in the global scientific community in the areas of biodiversity and climate change, Dr. Mooney has received numerous honors and awards and is a member of a small group of premier researchers. He has demonstrated that convergent evolution takes place in the properties of different ecosystems that are subject to comparable climates, and has pioneered in the study of the allocation of resources in plants. Research in his laboratory is centered on the study of the effect of enhanced carbon dioxide on ecosystem structure and function. Dr. Mooney received his Ph.D. in biological sciences from Duke University.



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