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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Support for this workshop was provided by the National Science Foundation (Award No. 0829957); the U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service (Award No. 09DG-11132650-190); the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (Award No. DG133F09SE1942) and the U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey (Award No. G09PX01652). Additional resources that made the symposium possible were provided by Defenders of Wildlife and the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-20901-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-20901-3

Cover photo credits: Chilean loon: Andrew Hendry, McGill University; Trinidadian frog: Andrew Hendry; Seed bank: A. McRobb Copyright Royal Botanical Garden; Kew Chilean Mountain scene: Andrew Hendry; Diatom: Paul Falkowski, Rutgers University; Galapagos Seal: Andrew Hendry; Alaskan Bears: Andrew Hendry; Darwin: Bigstock Photo.com; and background of geese taking off: Andrew Hendry, McGill University.

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Copyright 2011 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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