Allen, P.A., and J.L. Etienne, 2008. Sedimentary challenge to Snowball Earth. Nature Geoscience 1: 817-825.

Alley, N.F., and L.A. Frakes, 2003. First known Cretaceous glaciation: Livingston Tillite Member of the Cadna-owie Formation, South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 50: 139-144.

Alley, R.B., J. Marotzke, W.D. Nordhaus, J.T. Overpeck, D.M. Peteet, R.A. Pielke, Jr., R.T. Pierrehumbert, P.B. Rhines, T.F. Stocker, L.D. Talley, and J.M. Wallace, 2003. Abrupt climate change. Science 299: 2005-2010.

Alley, R.B., P.U. Clark, P. Huybrechts, and I. Joughin, 2005. Ice sheet and sea level changes. Science 310: 456-460.

Alpert, P., D. Niyogi, R.A. Pielke, Sr., J.L. Eastman, Y.K. Xue, and S. Raman, 2006. Evidence for carbon dioxide and moisture interactions from the leaf cell up to global scales: Perspective on human-caused climate change. Global and Planetary Change 54: 202-208.

Anbar, A.D., and A.H. Knoll, 2002. Proterozoic ocean chemistry and evolution: A bioinorganic bridge? Science 297: 1137-1142.

Anderson, R.Y., 1982. A long geoclimatic record from the Permian. Journal of Geophysical Research 87: 7285-7294.

Archer, D., 2005. Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time. Journal of Geophysical Research 110: C09S05, 6 pp.

Archer, D., 2009. The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth’s Climate. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 180 pp.

Archer, D., H. Kheshgi, and E. Maier-Riemer, 1997. Multiple timescales for neutralization of fossil fuel CO2. Geophysical Research Letters 24: 405-408.

Archer, D., M. Eby, V. Brovkin, A. Ridgwell, L. Cao, U. Mikolajewicz, K. Caldeira, K. Matsumoto, G. Munhoven, A. Montenegro, and K. Tokos, 2009. Atmospheric lifetime of fossil fuel carbon dioxide. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 37: 117-134.

Arnold, G.L., A.D. Anbar, J. Barling, and T.W. Lyons, 2004. Molybdenum isotope evidence for widespread anoxia in mid-Proterozoic oceans. Science 304: 87-90.

Arthur, M.A., H.C. Jenkyns, H.-J. Brumsack, and S.O. Schlanger, 1990. Stratigraphy, geochemistry, and paleoceanography of organic carbon-rich Cretaceous sequences. Pp. 75-119 in R.N. Ginsburg and B. Beaudoin (eds.), Cretaceous Resources, Events and Rhythms: Background and Plans for Research. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.

Bains, S., R.M. Corfield, and R.D. Norris, 1999. Mechanisms of climate warming at the end of the Paleocene. Science 285: 724-727.

Baldocchi, D., F.M. Kelliher, T.A. Black, and P.G. Jarvis, 2000. Climate and vegetation controls on boreal zone energy exchange. Global Change Biology 6 (Suppl. 1): 69-83.

Bambach, R.K., 2006. Phanerozoic biodiversity mass extinctions. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 34: 127-155.

Barclay, R.S., J.C. McElwain, and B.B. Sageman, 2010. Carbon sequestration activated by a volcanic CO2 pulse during Ocean Anoxic Event 2. Nature Geoscience 3: 205-208.

Barker, P.F., G.M. Filippelli, F. Florindo, E.E. Martin, and H.D. Scher, 2007. Onset and role of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 54: 2388-2398.

Barrick, R.E., and M.J. Kohn, 2001. Comment: Multiple taxon–multiple locality approach to providing oxygen isotope evidence for warm-blooded theropod dinosaurs. Geology 29: 565-566.

Barron, E.J., 1987. Eocene equator-to-pole surface ocean temperatures: A significant climate problem? Paleoceanography 2: 729-739.

Barron, E.J., P.J. Fawcett, W.H. Peterson, D. Pollard, and S.L. Thompson, 1995. A “simulation” of mid-Cretaceous climate. Paleoceanography 10: 953-962.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement