climate-change mitigation and public health, whose results were published in a series of articles in The Lancet in December 2009. Dr. Haines serves on a number of major international and national committees, including the Advisory Board of the National Institute for Health Research of England, the Medical Research Council (MRC) Global Health Group, and the MRC Strategy Group. He was formerly a member of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and of the World Health Organization Advisory Committee on Health Research. Dr. Haines earned his MBBS in medicine and MD in medicine and epidemiology from the University of London. He is a Foreign Associate Member of the Institute of Medicine.

Steven M. Holland, MD, is Chief of the Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health. He is also a tenured investigator and Chief of the Immunopathogenesis Section of the laboratory. Dr. Holland’s major research interests include susceptibility to disseminated and pulmonary mycobacterial infections, mechanisms of mycobacterial and bacterial pathogenesis, and mechanisms of phagocyte immunodeficiency. From 2006 to 2008, he served as President of the International Immunocompromised Host Society. Dr. Holland received his MD from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where he served as a resident in internal medicine, assistant chief of service in medicine, and fellow in infectious diseases. He is Board-certified in internal medicine with a subspecialty in infectious disease.

Vivian E. Loftness, MArch, FAIA, is University Professor of Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University and Senior Researcher in its Center for Building Performance and Diagnostics. She is an international energy and building-performance consultant for commercial and residential building design and has researched and written extensively on energy conservation, passive solar design, climate, and regionalism in architecture. Prof. Loftness is a member of the Pennsylvania State Climate Change Advisory Committee and has served on several National Academies committees, including the Committee on Review and Assessment of the Health and Productivity Benefits of Green Schools. She has worked for many years with the Architectural and Building Sciences Division of Public Works Canada, researching and developing the issues of total building performance and the field of building diagnostics. Prof. Loftness holds a BS and an MArch from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects and is a registered architect.

Linda A. McCauley, PhD, FAAN, RN, is Professor and Dean of Emory University’s Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing. Dr. McCauley has



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