Warach, S., L. C. Pettigrew, J. F. Dashe, P. Pullicino, D. M. Lefkowitz, L. Sabounjian, K. Harnett, U. Schwiderski, R. Gammans, and I. Citicoline. 2000. Effect of citicoline on ischemic lesions as measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Annals of Neurology 48(5):713–722.

Wong-Goodrich, S. J., M. J. Glenn, T. J. Mellott, Y. B. Liu, J. K. Blusztajn, and C. L. Williams. 2010. Water maze experience and prenatal choline supplementation differentially promote long-term hippocampal recovery from seizures in adulthood. Hippocampus. Published electronically March 15, 2010. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20783

Yan, H. Q., A. E. Kline, X. C. Ma, E. L. Hooghe-Peters, D. W. Marion, and C. E. Dixon. 2001. Tyrosine hydroxylase, but not dopamine beta-hydroxylase, is increased in rat frontal cortex after traumatic brain injury. Neuroreport 12(11):2323–2327.

Zafonte, R., W. T. Friedewald, S. M. Lee, B. Levin, R. Diaz-Arrastia, B. Ansel, H. Eisenberg, S. D. Timmons, N. Temkin, T. Novack, J. Ricker, R. Merchant, and J. Jallo. 2009. The citicoline brain injury treatment (COBRIT) trial: Design and methods. Journal of Neurotrauma 26(12):2207–2216.

Zeisel, S. H. 2005. Choline: Critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults. Annual Review of Nutrition 26:229–250.

Zeisel, S. H. 2006. Choline: Critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults. Annual Review of Nutrition 26:229–250.

Zeisel, S. H., and K. A. da Costa. 2009. Choline: An essential nutrient for public health. Nutrition Reviews 67(11):615–623.

Zeisel, S. H., J. S. Wishnok, and J. K. Blusztajn. 1983. Formation of methylamines from ingested choline and lecithin. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 225(2):320–324.

Zeisel, S. H., K. A. Dacosta, P. D. Franklin, E. A. Alexander, J. T. Lamont, N. F. Sheard, and A. Beiser. 1991. Choline, an essential nutrient for humans. The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Journal 5(7):2093–2098.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement