Continue Improving Animal Models and Identifying Biomarkers
RECOMMENDATION 3-1. The committee recommends that the Department of Defense (DoD), in cooperation with others, refine existing animal models to investigate the potential benefits of nutrition throughout the spectrum of TBI injuries, that is, concussion/mild, moderate, severe, and penetrating, as well as repetitive and blast injuries. Development of animal models is particularly urgent for concussion/mild TBI and brain injuries due to blast as well as for repetitive injuries. These models also will aid in understanding the pathobiology of TBI, which is particularly needed for concussion/mild TBI, blast, and repetitive injuries.
RECOMMENDATION 3-2. The committee recommends that DoD, in cooperation with others, continue to develop better clinical biomarkers of TBI (i.e., concussion/mild, moderate, severe, penetrating, repetitive, and blast injuries) for the purposes of diagnosis, treatment, and outcome assessment. In addition, the committee recommends the identification of biomarkers specifically related to proposed mechanisms of action for individual nutritional interventions.