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Appendix E Acronyms ACE Aerosol-Cloud-Ecosystems EOS Earth Observing System AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution ESA European Space Agency Radiometer ESL Expert Support Laboratory AVIRIS Airborne Visible InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer FOV Field-Of-View BOUSSOLE Bouée pour l’acquisition de Séries GCOM Global Change Observation Mission Optiques à Long Terme GCOM-C Global Change Observation Mission for Climate Research CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol LIDAR and Infrared GCOS Global Climate Observing System Pathfinder Satellite Observation GEO Geostationary Earth Orbit CCI Climate Change Initiative GEO Group on Earth Observations CCMA Center for Coastal Monitoring and GEOCAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Assessment Events CDOM Colored Dissolved Organic Matter GHRSST Group for High-Resolution Sea Surface CDR Climate Data Records Temperature CEOS Committee on Earth Observation GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System Satellites GLI Global Imager CHIRP Commercially Hosted InfraRed Payload GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and CMA China Meteorological Administration Security CNES Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales GOCI Geostationary Ocean Color Imager CO2 Carbon Dioxide GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental COCTS Chinese Ocean Colour and Temperature Satellite Scanner GOES-R Geostationary Operational Environmental COMS Communications Oceanography and Satellite “R” Series Meteorology Satellite GSD Ground Sample Distance CONUS Contiguous United States GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center CWI Coastal Waters Imaging GUM Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner in Measurement CZI Coastal Zone Imager HAB Harmful Algal Bloom DOC Dissolved Organic Carbon HICO Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal DOD Department of Defense Ocean HyspIRI Hyperspectral Infrared Imager ECV Essential Climate Variables EDR Environmental Data Record IFA Integrated Filter Assembly ENSO El Niño Southern Oscillation IOC Initial Operational Configuration ENVISAT Environmental Satellite 96

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97 APPENDIX E IOCCG International Ocean Colour Coordinating OCM-2 Ocean Colour Monitor on-board Group Oceansat-2 IOP Inherent Optical Properties OCR Ocean Color Radiance IPO Integrated Program Office OCR-VC Ocean Colour Radiometry Virtual ISO International Organization for Constellation Standardization OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner ISRO Indian Space Research Organization OES Ocean Ecology Spectrometer ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations OLCI Ocean Land Colour Instrument ONR Office of Naval Research JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency OOB Out-of-Band JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System PACE Pre-Aerosol-Clouds-Ecosystems PAR Photosynthetically Available Radiance LED Light-Emitting Diodes PIC Particulate Inorganic Carbon LEO Low Earth Orbit POC Particulate Organic Carbon LIDAR LIght Detection And Ranging POLDER Polarization and Directionality of the LMR Living Marine Resources Earth’s Reflectances PRISM Portable Remote Imaging SpectroMeter MERIS Medium-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer R&D Research and Development MERSI Medium Resolution Spectral Imager RSR Relative Spectral Response MOBY Marine Optical Buoy RT Radiative Transfer MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging RTE Radiative Transfer Equation Spectroradiometer MTF Modulation Transfer Function SAB Scientific Advisory Board SCIAMACHY SCanning Imaging Absorption NASA National Aeronautics and Space spectroMeter for Atmospheric Administration CartograpHY NCDC National Climate Data Center SEADAS SeaWiFS Data Analysis System NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor and Information Service SIMBIOS Sensor Intercomparison and Merger NGAS Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems for Biological and Interdisciplinary NIR Near-Infrared Oceanic Studies NIST National Institute of Standards and S-GLI Second-Generation Global Imager Technology SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service SOA State Ocean Administration NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric SST Sea Surface Temperature Administration SWIR Short Wave Infrared NOMAD NASA bio-Optical Marine Algorithm Dataset TOA Top of Atmosphere NOS National Ocean Service TZCF Transition Zone Chlorophyll Front NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System USAF U.S. Air Force NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project UV Ultraviolet NRL Naval Research Laboratory NRT Near-Real Time VIIRS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite NSF National Science Foundation VIS Visible Spectrum VNR Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer OBB Ocean Biology and Biochemistry OBPG Ocean Biology Processing Group OCM Ocean Colour Monitor