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Appendix F Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE definition, preparation, and implementation of the European Space Agency (ESA) ENVISAT-MERIS ocean color satellite James A. Yoder (Chair) is Vice President for Academic Pro- mission. He has served as chair (2007-2009) of the ocean grams and Dean at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institu- group of the French space agency (CNES) scientific commit- tion (WHOI). A biological oceanographer, Dr. Yoder is well tee. He now serves as chair of the International Ocean-Colour known in the oceanographic research community, having Coordinating Group, and is a member of ESA’s Earth Science served as a researcher, professor, and more recently as Direc- Advisory Committee. tor of the Division of Ocean Sciences at the National Science Foundation in Washington, D.C., from 2001 to 2004. He has Carlos E. Del Castillo is a member of the Senior Profes- worked at NASA headquarters and has been a member of sional Staff with the Space Department of the Johns Hopkins numerous national and international committees and panels University Applied Physics Laboratory, and is the William S. on oceanographic research. In particular, he was chair of the Parsons Professor at the Johns Hopkins University Depart- International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group. Dr. Yoder ment of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Dr. Del Castillo started received a B.A. degree in botany from DePauw University his career at the University of Puerto Rico studying the effects in 1970, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in oceanography from of oil pollution in tropical marine environments. Later, at the the University of Rhode Island (URI) in 1974 and 1979, University of South Florida, his interest in organic carbon respectively. He joined the staff at the Skidaway Institute of biogeochemistry and the carbon cycle led him to the use of Oceanography in Georgia in 1978, and from 1986 to 1988 remote sensing to study biogeochemical and physical pro- was a visiting senior scientist at the Jet Propulsion Labora- cesses in the ocean through a combination of remote sens- tory, working as a program manager in the ocean branch at ing and field and laboratory experiments. While working at NASA headquarters. He joined the faculty at the Graduate NASA as a researcher, Dr. Del Castillo also served as Project School of Oceanography (GSO) at URI in 1989 and was pro- Manager at Stennis Space Center, MS, and as a Program moted to professor in 1992. He was named Associate Dean Scientist at NASA Headquarters. Dr. Del Castillo served of Oceanography at GSO in 1993 and served in that capac- in several inter-agency working groups, chaired NASA and ity until 1998, with responsibilities for curriculum planning National Science Foundation workshops, and is now a mem- and delivery, admissions, recruitment, and graduate student ber of NASA’s Carbon Cycle and Ecosystem Management affairs. Dr. Yoder has served on NRC committees and cur- and Operations Working Group. Dr. Del Castillo has several rently is a member of the Ocean Studies Board. well-cited publications (more than 70 citations), co-edited a book on the application of remote sensing techniques, and is a David Antoine is a CNRS senior research scientist at the frequent reviewer for technical journals. He received a B.S. in Marine Optics and Remote Sensing group of the Laboratoire biology and an M.S. in marine chemistry from the University d’Océanographie de Villefranche in France. He received a of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, and his Ph.D. in oceanography doctorate degree in oceanography from the Université Pierre from the University of South Florida. and Marie Curie in Paris, France, in 1995. His research interests include marine optics, bio-optics, radiative trans- Robert H. Evans is a research professor at the University fer and applications, ocean color remote sensing including of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric atmospheric corrections, and modeling of oceanic primary Sciences (RSMAS). Dr. Evans is a faculty member of the production from satellite ocean color. He was involved in the RSMAS Remote Sensing Group (RSG), an interdisciplinary 98
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99 APPENDIX F research group engaged in research and graduate instruc- outh Marine Laboratory (UK) and an Adjunct Professor at tion in the techniques of satellite oceanography and their Dalhousie University (Canada). She served as Executive application to problems in physical, biological, and chemi- Director of the Partnership for Observation of the Global cal oceanography. Dr. Evans’ focus of research is to develop Oceans (POGO) until 2008 and continues to be involved in quantitative methods that permit timely access to satellite POGO, currently focusing on its capacity building efforts. remote sensing observations of transient events in the ocean, She is an expert in marine optics and has several years of using imaging infrared sensors and multi-spectral infrared experience working on ocean color algorithm development and color scanner observations. He continues evolutionary and applications, and has published extensively in this field. development of processing and analysis capabilities with She earned a doctorate in Optical Oceanography from the the goal of generating long-term time-series of oceanic Université Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris, France, in 1981. mesoscale variability. Dr. Sathyendranath is a former member of the National Academies’ Committee on International Capacity Building Curtis Mobley is the Vice President for Science and Senior for the Protection and Sustainable Use of Oceans and Coasts. Scientist at Sequoia Scientific, Inc. Dr. Mobley has a back- Carl F. Schueler retired as Chief Scientist of Raytheon Santa ground in physics and meteorology, but most of his career has been devoted to research in radiative transfer theory applied Barbara Remote Sensing (SBRS) in 2006, and was an indus- to problems in optical oceanography. He created the widely try remote sensing and electro-optics consultant until joining used HydroLight computer program and wrote the textbook Orbital Sciences Corporation in 2008. Since the early 1980s Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters. Early he has led numerous sensor studies and proposals that have in his career he was a Fulbright Fellow in Germany, and has resulted in polar and geosynchronous Earth observation and held both regular (at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric planetary exploration instruments. He managed SBRS’s mid- Administration Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory) 1990s Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) and senior (at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory) National Block 6 and Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satel- Research Council Resident Research Associateships. He lite (POES) studies leading to Raytheon’s participation in the was an oceanographer with the University of Washington National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean System (NPOESS), now the NASA/NOAA Joint Polar- during the 1980s. From 1989 to 1991, he was the Program orbiting Satellite System (JPSS). As Technical Director from Manager of the Ocean Optics (now Littoral Sciences and 1996 to 2002, he led the Visible Infrared Imager/Radiometer Optics) program at the Office of Naval Research. Dr. Mobley Suite (VIIRS) design, leading to an award in 2000 following has been an associate professor of physics at Pacific Lutheran the Preliminary Design Review. From 2001 to 2006 he led University and is now an Affiliate Professor in the School of SBRS’s proposal to win the NASA Glory Aerosol Polarim- Oceanography at the University of Washington. etry Sensor (APS) program and served as Technical Director through Preliminary and Critical Design Reviews, achieving Jorge L. Sarmiento is the George J. Magee Professor the highest NASA quality ratings. At Orbital he authored the of Geosciences and Geological Engineering at Princeton 2008 Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) staring wide field- University. He obtained his Ph.D. at the Lamont-Doherty of-view (WFOV) Commercially Hosted InfraRed Payload Geological Observatory of Columbia University in 1978, (CHIRP) proposal, garnering the largest unsolicited Air then served as a postdoctoral fellow at the Geophysical Force award in history, and served as CHIRP Chief Scientist Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA in Princeton before until 2010. Since then, he has developed missile warning and joining the Princeton University faculty in 1980. He has Space Situational Awareness (SSA) architectures. He serves published widely on the global carbon cycle, the use of on two Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers chemical tracers to study ocean circulation, and the impact (SPIE) program committees and on the American Institute of of climate change on ocean biology and biogeochemistry. Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Space Systems Tech- He has participated in the scientific planning and execution nical Committee (SSTC). He received a Ph.D. in electrical of many of the large-scale multi-institutional and interna - and computer engineering at University of California, Santa tional oceanographic biogeochemical and tracer programs Barbara (UCSB) in 1980 under a Howard Hughes Doctoral of the past three decades. He was Director of Princeton’s Fellowship. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electri- Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program from 1980 to cal and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He has published 80 1990 and 2006 to the present, and is Director of the Coop- papers on remote sensing and instrument design and served erative Institute for Climate Science. He has served on the on five NRC committees, including the 2007 Decadal Study editorial board of multiple journals and as editor of Global Weather Panel. Biogeochemical Cycles. He is a Fellow of the American David A. Siegel is a Professor of Marine Science in the Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Geography Department and Director of the Earth Research Institute at the University of California, Santa Barbara Shubha Sathyendranath is a Senior Scientist at the Plym- (UCSB). He joined the UCSB faculty in 1990 after one year
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100 APPENDIX F as a postdoctoral fellow at the Woods Hole Oceanographic winter 2005. While with the Academies, she has worked on Institution. Dr. Siegel is an interdisciplinary marine scientist. studies including the Analysis of Global Change Assess- His research focuses on the assessment and functioning of ments (2007), Strategic Guidance for the NSF’s Support aquatic ecosystems using the tools of an applied physicist: of Atmospheric Sciences (2007), Earth Observations from radiative transfer and fluid mechanics. He has published Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements (2007), more than 100 refereed works in satellite ocean color remote Tsunami Warning and Preparedness (2010), and Adapting to sensing, marine bio-optics, and the coupling of ecological the Impacts of Climate Change (2010). and ocean physical processes from basin- to micro-scales Art Charo has been a Senior Program Officer at the NRC’s with application in problems including biogeochemical cycles, plankton ecology, and fisheries oceanography. Dr. Space Studies Board since 1995. During this time, he Siegel is a Fellow of both the American Association for has directed studies that have resulted in some 33 reports, the Advancement of Science and the American Geophysi- notably the first NRC “decadal surveys” for solar and space cal Union. Dr. Siegel is a member of the Earth Science physics (2002) and for Earth science and applications from Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Committee and has space (2007). Dr. Charo received his Ph.D. in physics from been a member of several NASA Earth Science research Duke University in 1981 and was a post-doctoral fellow teams, including Science Working Groups for the Aerosol- in chemical physics at Harvard University from 1982 to Cloud-Ecosystem (ACE) and Hyperspectral InfraRed Imager 1985. He then pursued his interests in national security (HypsIRI) decadal survey missions. Dr. Siegel received his and arms control at Harvard University’s Center for Sci- undergraduate degrees from the University of California, San ence and International Affairs, where he where he was a Diego, in 1982 and his doctoral degree from the University fellow from 1985 to 1988. From 1988 to 1995, he worked of Southern California in 1988. as a senior analyst and study director in the International Security and Space Program in the Congressional Office of Cara Wilson is a research oceanographer for the Environ- Technology Assessment (OTA). Dr. Charo is a recipient of a mental Research Division at NOAA’s Southwest Fisheries MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in International Security Science Center. Dr. Wilson’s research interests are in using (1985-1987) and a Harvard-Sloan Foundation Fellowship satellite data to examine bio-physical coupling in the surface (1987-1988). He was the 1988-1989 American Institute of ocean. Specifically, she is interested in determining the bio- Physics AAAS Congressional Science Fellow. His publica- logical and physical causes of the large chlorophyll blooms tions include research papers in molecular spectroscopy; that often develop in late summer in the oligotrophic Pacific reports for OTA on arms control, Earth remote sensing, and near 30°N. Dr. Wilson earned a B.S. in oceanography from space policy; and a monograph, Continental Air Defense: A the University of Michigan in 1989 and a Ph.D. in oceanog- Neglected Dimension of Strategic Defense (University Press raphy from Oregon State University in 1997. Prior to joining of America, 1990). NOAA in 2002, she worked at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Heather Chiarello joined the U.S. National Academy of Center. Dr. Wilson has been a member of NOAA’s Satellite R&O (Research and Operations) task team, the Coastal Sciences in July 2008. She graduated magna cum laude from Ocean Applications and Science Team (COAST), NOAA’s Central Michigan University in 2007 with a B.S. in political OCPOP (Ocean Color Product Oversight Panel), and served science with a concentration in public administration. Ms. as the chair of NOAA’s ad hoc group on ocean color in 2008- Chiarello is currently a senior program assistant with the 2009. She is also the PI of the West Coast node of NOAA’s Ocean Studies Board in the Division on Earth and Life Sci- CoastWatch program. ences, and also with the Committee on International Security and Arms Control in the Policy and Global Affairs Division of the National Academies. She is pursuing a Master’s degree STAFF in sociology and public policy analysis at The Catholic Uni- Claudia Mengelt is a senior program officer with the Ocean versity of America in Washington, D.C. Studies Board. After completing her B.S. in aquatic biology Jeremy Justice was a senior program assistant with the at the University of California, Santa Barbara, she received her M.S. in biological oceanography from the College of Ocean Studies Board from October 2008 to July 2011. He Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State Univer- earned a B.A. in international and area studies from the sity. Her master’s degree research focused on how chemical University of Oklahoma in 2008. He is currently a program and physical parameters in the surface ocean affect Antarctic coordinator at the International Foundation for Electoral phytoplankton species composition and consequently impact Systems (IFES) in Washington, DC. biogeochemical cycles. She obtained her Ph.D. in marine Emily Oliver was a program assistant with the Ocean Stud- sciences from the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she conducted research on the photophysiology of ies Board from October 2010 to May 2011. She graduated harmful algal species. She joined the full-time staff of the from Colgate University with Honors in Geography in 2010. National Academies in fall 2005, following a fellowship in