secretary of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (1998-2006), which administers the Chemical Weapons Convention. He also served as legal coordinator (consultant) for the European Union Joint Action in Support of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (2007-2008), which was executed by the Bio-Weapons Prevention Project, Geneva, Switzerland. Dr Trapp is an external member of the Academy of Sciences of Bologna and a fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). He received his Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) from the Technical University “Carl Schorlemmer” Leuna-Merseburg (former German Democratic Republic) in 1978 and Dr. sc. nat. from the GDR Academy of Sciences, Leipzig, in 1986.

Lloyd Whitman, Ph.D., M.S. joined the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as the deputy director in April 2008. He received a B.S. in physics from Brown University (with honors, magna cum laude) and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Cornell University. After a National Research Council Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at NIST, he joined the research staff at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). At NRL, Dr. Whitman was most recently the head of the Surface Nanoscience and Sensor Technology Section, a multidisciplinary research group working at the nexus of nanoscience, biotechnology, and microsystems. He led a diverse portfolio of research studying semiconductor, organic, and biomolecular nanostructures, their use in novel functional surfaces, and their integration into advanced sensor systems for national security applications. In addition to leading research at NRL, Dr. Whitman served as a science advisor to the Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Chemical and Biological Defense and Chemical Demilitarization Programs. In this capacity, he represented the Department of Defense on the National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Technology Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology. Dr. Whitman has more than 140 publications and patent applications in the areas of nanoscience and sensor technology, and numerous media citations and awards, including the Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Award.

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