•   The extent to which additional scientific and technical disciplines beyond biology are increasingly involved in life sciences research.

These themes are discussed in more detail in the following three chapters and illustrated with representative examples. The selection of topics for each chapter is necessarily somewhat arbitrary. Many of the topics could appear in more than one chapter, and cross references are provided where appropriate.

Chapter 5 addresses a number of topics. As an introduction, it provides a discussion of the drivers of S&T development, along with roadblocks to progress, that span the various trends examined in the report and that have important implications for how they will develop in the future. It also reviews some of the ideas about how the BWC might most usefully address continuing S&T developments in the future. The chapter then provides the committee’s overall findings and conclusions about the trends in S&T and their implications. Again reflecting the committee’s charge—and the pattern successfully established in the other trends workshops—the report considers the state of life sciences research but does not make recommendations for national or international policy in response to the identified findings and conclusions.

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