preferred prey for the familiar polar faunas; and ice-avoiding gelatinous zooplankton may replace krill. Ocean acidification will reach a threshold where it will impact carbonate-forming phytoplankton, zooplankton, and benthic species in both polar regions (Fabry et al., 2009), further complicating the effects of warming and ice loss on marine ecosystem structure.
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1 Introduction ."
Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems: Summary of a Workshop . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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