preferred prey for the familiar polar faunas; and ice-avoiding gelatinous zooplankton may replace krill. Ocean acidification will reach a threshold where it will impact carbonate-forming phytoplankton, zooplankton, and benthic species in both polar regions (Fabry et al., 2009), further complicating the effects of warming and ice loss on marine ecosystem structure.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement