Douglas, D. C. 2010. Arctic sea ice decline: Projected changes in timing and extent of sea ice in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1176. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.
Ducklow, H. W., K. Baker, D. G. Martinson, L. B. Quetin, R. M. Ross, R. C. Smith, S. E. Stammerjohn, M. Vernet, and W. Fraser. 2007. Marine pelagic ecosystems: the West Antarctic Peninsula. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 362:67-94, doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1955.
Fabry, V. J., J. B. McClintock, J. T. Mathis, and J. M. Grebmeier. 2009. Ocean acidification at High Latitudes: The Bellwether. Oceanography 22(4):160-171.
Fischbach, A. S., D. H. Monson, and C. V. Jay. 2009. Enumeration of Pacific walrus carcasses on beaches of the Chukchi Sea in Alaska following a mortality event, September 2009. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1291. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.
Ford, J. D., T. Pearce, J. Gilligan, B. Smit, and J. Oakes. 2008. Climate Change and Hazards Associated with Ice Use in Northern Canada. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 40(4):647-659.
Ganachaud, A,. and C. Wunsch. 2000. Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data. Nature 408:453-457.
GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2004. Villages affected by flooding and erosion have difficulty qualifying for federal assistance. Testimony before the Committee on Appropriations U.S. Senate. GAO-04-895T, June 29. Available at http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-04-895T, accessed March 17, 2011.
Gautier, D. L., K. J. Bird, R. R. Charpentier, A. Grantz, D. W. Houseknecht, T. R. Klett, T. E. Moore, J. K. Pitman, C. J. Schenk, J. H. Schuenemeyer, K. Sorensen, M. E. Tennyson, Z. C. Valin, and C. J. Wandrey. 2009. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas in the Arctic. Science 324(5931):1175-1179.
Grebmeier, J. M, S. E. Moore, J. E. Overland, K. E. Frey, and R. Gradinger. 2010. Biological Response to Recent Pacific Arctic Sea Ice Retreats Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 91(18):161-163.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., and J. F. Bruno. 2010. The Impact of Climate Change on the World’s Marine Ecosystems. Science 328:1523-1528.
Holland, M. M., and C. M. Bitz. 2003. Polar amplification of climate change in coupled models. Climate Dynamics 21:221-232.
IAATO (International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators). 1997. Overview of Antarctic tourism activities: a summary of 1996-1998 and five year projection 1997-2002. Information Paper 75 (XXI ATCM/IP75). 21st Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 19-30, 1997.
______. 2008. IP85 IAATO Overview of Antarctic Tourism 2007-2008 Antarctic Season and Preliminary Estimates for 2008-2009 Antarctic Season. 31st Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, Kyiv, Ukraine, June 2-13, 2008.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2001. Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II, and III to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. R. T. Watson and the Core Writing Team, editors. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
______. 2007a. Summary for policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H. L. Miller, editors. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
______. 2007b. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Core Writing Team, R. K. Pachauri, and A. Reisinger, editors. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.