Plenary Presentations: Recent Insights in Polar Ecosystem Science,
FRONTIER QUESTIONS IN CLIMATE CHANGE AND POLAR ECOSYSTEMS
Will a Rapidly Shrinking Cryosphere Tip Polar Ecosystems into New States?,
What Are the Key Polar Ecosystem Processes That Will Be the “First Responders” to Climate Forcing?,
What Are the Bi-Directional Gateways and Feedbacks Between the Poles and the Global Climate System?,
How Is Climate Change Altering Biodiversity in Polar Regions and What Will Be the Regional and Global Impacts?
How Will Increases in Human Activities Intensify Ecosystem Impacts in the Polar Regions?,
METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES TO ADDRESS THE FRONTIER QUESTIONS
Sustained Long-Term Observations,
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems: Summary of a Workshop.
Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2011.
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