Resilience: Narrowly defined, resilience is the ability of an ecosystem to recover following a perturbation. As described in the NRC report Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts (2008b), “Resilience thinking is one new approach to addressing the decline in the capacity of communities, ecosystems, and landscapes to provide essential services. The intent is to recognize the complexity and variability of ecosystems, including the human component, and to build nature-human systems that can adapt to incorporate new knowledge or adjust to changing conditions.”
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Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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