development (6.3) constitute the parts of the S&T program that are managed by the AFRL. The S&T program seeks new ways of accomplishing tasks of military value and developing the underlying scientific and engineering principles involved. Individual S&T projects are not directed at developing new operational weapons systems, although they may support such development by solving specific problems. The 6.3 Manufacturing Technology (ManTech) element is the program of the Air Force that anticipates and closes gaps in manufacturing capabilities for the affordable, timely, and low-risk development, production, and sustainment of defense systems. The elements above 6.3 are the Air Force’s Acquisition Program, managed by the system program offices.
Within the S&T program, basic research (6.1) is the systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding in science and engineering of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and/or observable facts consistent with the Air Force missions, but without practical application of that knowledge and understanding. Applied research (6.2) is systematic study to gain the knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met; these efforts attempt to determine and exploit the potential